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Shari'ah

Islamic law

Sunnah

- written moral compass

Hadith

- sayings

Halal

- lawful

Haram

- forbidden

Ijma

-general consensus of community

Quran

-holy Islamic sacred text

Ummah

- community united by faith

Shiite imam

leader, bloodline of Muhammad

caliph

also leader but not bloodline (companions)

Sunni imam

prayer leader at a mosque

mahdi

"rightly guided one" twelvers' messiah in shiite

Islam

religions started by muhammad; praise allah; holy book is qu'ran

muslim

followers of islam

Al'lah

god of Islam

mecca

holy city of Islam

Muhammad

holy prophet of Islam

medina

the city where muhammad went to escape death threats

622 C.E.

muhammad's exile to Medina; start of the Muslim calendar

kaaba

holy landmark of Islam in

Abraham

built the Kabah; patriarch of Islam

extremist jihad

struggle; "holy" war between Islam and the West; made by Muslim extremists

mughal

dynasty that brought islam to india

mainstream jihad

holy struggle

inner jihad

trying to understand God

outer jihad

bringing Muslim community together; trying to correct misunderstanding of Islam

qu'ran

holy book of Islam; recited by God through muhammad's body

tafsir

qu'ran commentary

kufr

rejection of faith; to "cover up" "deny" or "destroy" the word of God; to repel against God

ulama

religious intellectuals

revivalism

movement to support Islam coming back to political power; being the official religions of a state

seclularism

movement to separate church and state

apologetic

defender of Islam

polygyny

having multiple wives

wahhabi

conservative sect of Islam; try and live as close to muhammad as possible; branch of sunni muslims; don't like mystical

hijab

veiling for women to wear in social situation

Quibla

direction in which muslims pray facing the Kaaba

mihrab

niche in a mosque to show the direction of the quibla

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