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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. maria theresa
  2. charles II
  3. junkers
  4. hohenzollern dynasty
  5. meritocracy
  1. a This was the queen of Austria as a result of the Pragmatic Sanction. She limited the papacy's political influence in Austria, strengthened her central bureaucracy and cautiously reduced the power that nobles had over their serfs had to fight of prussia as son as she assended the throne
  2. b A Prussian dynasty that would emerge Prussia as a powerful German state bcs of land inheritance
  3. c the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth
  4. d Members of the Prussian landed aristocracy, a class formerly associated with political reaction and militarism. hohenzollerns gave them right to controll serfs if they were obedient.
  5. e King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-1685) who reigned during the Restoration, a period of expanding trade and colonization as well as strong opposition to Catholicism

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Land is divided into strips and worked on by villagers
  2. In this bloodless revolution, the English Parliament and William and Mary agreed to overthrow James II for the sake of Protestantism. This led to a constitutional monarchy and the drafting of the English Bill of Rights.
  3. This was the act passed by Charles VI that stated that Hapsburg possessions were never to be divided, in order to allow his daughter to be ruler (challenged by frederick the great)
  4. After Queen Elizabeth Tudor's death in 1603, the Stuart Line of rulers came. Started with James I, King of Scotland. (Cousin of Elizabeth.) Then came Charles I, his son. Charles II. Then James II. Then William of Orange.
  5. English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.

5 True/False Questions

  1. oliver cromwella french rebellion that was caused by Mazarin's attempt to increase royal revenue and expand state bureaucracy, caused Louis XIV to distrust the state and turn to absolutism


  2. the ancient regimeA machine that turns the energy released by burning fuel into motion. Thomas Newcomen built the first crude but workable steam engine in 1712. James Watt vastly improved his device in the 1760s and 1770s. Steam power was then applied to machinery. (607)


  3. baltic fleeta Russian fleet of ships that was sent to defend Russians in the Russo-Japanese War. they traveled 18,000 miles, but many sailors died from heat on the way, and by the time they were cose, the war was over, so they go to Vladistock instead


  4. the frondeSections of towns and cities in which Jews were forced to live.


  5. habsburg empirea powerful family of German nobles in control of Spain, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, parts of eastern Europe, the Austrian Empire, and the Holy Roman Empire.


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