← Chapter 20 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- putting out system
- seizure of silesia
- thomas hobbes
- english bill of rights
- James II
- a When Frederick II ignored the Pragamatic Sanction and seized the Austrian province of Silesia.
- b English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
- c King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
- d This was the Catholic king of England after Charles II that granted everyone religious freedom and even appointed Roman Catholics to positions in the army and government, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685-1688). The last Stuart king to rule both England and Scotland, he was overthrown by his son-in-law William of Orange
- e system of merchant-capitalists "putting out" raw materials to cottage workers for processing and payment that was fully developed in England
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Guards of the Moscow palace during the Romanov Dynasy who rulers faced the constant threat of mutany from
- 1713, ended War of Spanish Succession between Louis XIV's France and the rest of Europe; prohibited joining of French and Spanish crowns; ended French expansionist policy; ended golden age of Spain; vastly expanded British Empire
- English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
- Conflict caused by the rival claims for the dominions of the Habsburg family. Before the death of Charles VI, Holy Roman emperor and archduke of Austria, many of the European powers had guaranteed that Charles's daughter Maria Theresa would succeed him.
- 16th and 17th century in Low countries, where dutch landlords and farmers devised better ways to build dukes and to drain land so that they could farm more extensive areas. They also experimented with new crops, such as clover and turnips, that would increase the supplies of animal fodder and relenish the soil.
5 True/False Questions
great northern war → This was the queen of Austria as a result of the Pragmatic Sanction. She limited the papacy's political influence in Austria, strengthened her central bureaucracy and cautiously reduced the power that nobles had over their serfs had to fight of prussia as son as she assended the throne
open field farming → Land is divided into strips and worked on by villagers
pugachev's rebellion → In this bloodless revolution, the English Parliament and William and Mary agreed to overthrow James II for the sake of Protestantism. This led to a constitutional monarchy and the drafting of the English Bill of Rights.
pragmatic sanction → a Russian fleet of ships that was sent to defend Russians in the Russo-Japanese War. they traveled 18,000 miles, but many sailors died from heat on the way, and by the time they were cose, the war was over, so they go to Vladistock instead
revocation of edict of nantes → In October 1685, Louis XIV, the grandson of Henry IV, renounced the Edict and declared Protestantism illegal with the Edict of Fontainebleau. This act, commonly called the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, had very damaging results for France.