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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. meritocracy
  2. junkers
  3. treaty of paris
  4. thomas hobbes
  5. english bill of rights
  1. a the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth
  2. b This treaty ended the Seven Years War
  3. c English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
  4. d Members of the Prussian landed aristocracy, a class formerly associated with political reaction and militarism. hohenzollerns gave them right to controll serfs if they were obedient.
  5. e King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. king of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715) "the sun king"
  2. the name given to Frederick William who was on the greatest Hohenzollerns. He reorganized the armies into one strong force and improved tax and encouraged agriculture, industry, and transportation
  3. War where Austia, Russia and others joined forces to attack Prussia (who had support of eng), who were saved by Peter III's rise to power
  4. Conflict caused by the rival claims for the dominions of the Habsburg family. Before the death of Charles VI, Holy Roman emperor and archduke of Austria, many of the European powers had guaranteed that Charles's daughter Maria Theresa would succeed him.
  5. 1773, tried to restore traditional system with rights for peasants

5 True/False questions

  1. textile industryDynasty in France started by the reign of King Henry IV, powerful and EXTREMELY wealthy, rulers of this Dynasty wanted hegemony (dominant power), wanted to see shift of balance of power


  2. steam engineA machine that turns the energy released by burning fuel into motion. Thomas Newcomen built the first crude but workable steam engine in 1712. James Watt vastly improved his device in the 1760s and 1770s. Steam power was then applied to machinery. (607)


  3. john lockea french rebellion that was caused by Mazarin's attempt to increase royal revenue and expand state bureaucracy, caused Louis XIV to distrust the state and turn to absolutism


  4. james Ithe first Stuart to be king of England and Ireland from 1603 to 1925 and king of Scotland from 1567 to 1625 tried to rule as much as possible w/o parliment


  5. streltsyGuards of the Moscow palace during the Romanov Dynasy who rulers faced the constant threat of mutany from


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