← Chapter 20 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- frederick the great
- treaty of utrecht
- enclosure acts
- open field farming
- the great elector
- a the soldier king, King of Prussia (1740-1786). Successful in the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) and the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), he brought Prussia great military prestige in Europe.
- b the name given to Frederick William who was on the greatest Hohenzollerns. He reorganized the armies into one strong force and improved tax and encouraged agriculture, industry, and transportation
- c 1713, ended War of Spanish Succession between Louis XIV's France and the rest of Europe; prohibited joining of French and Spanish crowns; ended French expansionist policy; ended golden age of Spain; vastly expanded British Empire
- d privatization of communal resources, creation of labor force; land taken from peasants; sent massive amounts of people to work in the city, in factories with machines
- e Land is divided into strips and worked on by villagers
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- a powerful family of German nobles in control of Spain, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, parts of eastern Europe, the Austrian Empire, and the Holy Roman Empire.
- This was the Catholic king of England after Charles II that granted everyone religious freedom and even appointed Roman Catholics to positions in the army and government, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685-1688). The last Stuart king to rule both England and Scotland, he was overthrown by his son-in-law William of Orange
- This was the war between France and Spain in order to unite the two states under one ruler, Phillip V
- Members of the Prussian landed aristocracy, a class formerly associated with political reaction and militarism. hohenzollerns gave them right to controll serfs if they were obedient.
- In 1683 a demoralizing defeat of the Turks, which signaled the reversal of their fortunes
5 True/False Questions
meritocracy → the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth
louis XIV → king of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715) "the sun king"
hohenzollern dynasty → Dynasty in France started by the reign of King Henry IV, powerful and EXTREMELY wealthy, rulers of this Dynasty wanted hegemony (dominant power), wanted to see shift of balance of power
the ancient regime → or the Old Regime-the life and institutions of all prerevolutionary continental Europe.
-England to Russia
war of austrian succession → Conflict caused by the rival claims for the dominions of the Habsburg family. Before the death of Charles VI, Holy Roman emperor and archduke of Austria, many of the European powers had guaranteed that Charles's daughter Maria Theresa would succeed him.