great railroad strike
recession-baltimore and ohio railroads cut wages; rairoad workers walked off jobs; eventually affected 2/3 railways; militia is called out; president Hayes sends federal troops; pointed to need for peacefull means to stop labor disputes
Carnegie's steel mill in Homestead--managed by anti-union Henry Flick; employees were from a union and when the contract was going to expire frick proposed wage cuts and jailed those who opposed; Pinkerton to bring in new workers; strikers halted pinkerton workers and militia used to stop
American Railway Union (Pullman Palace car Co); wage cuts without cuts in rent and food prices at company houses; Workers refuse to handle railcars built by pullman; pullman locks workers out of building; government gets court injunction to end strike because it interferes with shipment of US mail; ARU leaders jailed and lose membership
extreme dislike of immigrants by native born people; surfaced first when irish came then against Asians, Jews, eastern Europeans; feared the influx of catholics and that would come and take jobs
Gospel of wealth
term used by businessmen that their massive wealth was a social benefit for all; more accepted than social darwinism (but same thing); wealth no longer bad and viewed as a sign of God's approval; should not help poor
wanted to become dominator of Minneapolis; gives free health care and wins mayor; becomes corrupt and takes over (fire police squad) eventually arrested
cycle where person gains immense power (mayor) and becomes corrupt by having total control (charges and threatens people)
Civil Service Act
ends bossism; need to test to get a government job in an area
Williiam Boss Tweed
tammany Hall political machine; corruptness led to prison
Plessy vs. Ferguson
african american wants to sit in white railcar; court deems segregation is constitutional as long as equal
Brown vs Board of Education
seperation but equal is not plausible; case against bussing children to far off schools
Booker T, Washington
african american who believed racism would stop when african americans gained labor skills (need to contribute to society) and opened a school of agriculture
WEB Du Bios
american american who graduated from Harvard; believed education was key to ending racism; pushed for legal rights; created NAAA
cultadomescticity and spheres
women were being mothers, wived but being stuck; continual circle
age of prosperous economic growth (makes fun of word)
seneca falls convention
women's right convention; drafted declaration of sentiments
Declaration of sentiments
women's document; Elizabeth Stanton; argued for equal rights for women
What is the profound economic development of an early nineteenth century banking system?
Republicans believed French to be opposed due to...
close ties with England (false)
New france economy based on...
Articles of confederation did not ______powers
why did France not help in War of 1812?
XYZ affair and didn't help in French revolution
Who was the judge overseer in the dred scot case and what did he rule?
Chief Taney; unconstitutional
How did reconstruction fail?
What was Lincoln's plan also called?
Why did African americans go west?
sharecrop; to own farms (lean crop)
Dawes act aimed to _____ native americans..
Johnson's plan did not call for...
attack only when battle would inflict heavy casualties
KKK: how did republican government try to stop them?
created policies that resulted in their arrest
When were the first shots in Civil War?
elastic/ necessary clauses
government can use laws in constitution in order to solve things
movement to raise farmers power in government
Who divided up the Compromise of 1850 to pass it?
Government sends troops to destroy the illiegal antislavery capital (topeca)
What kind of emancipation does Lincoln support?
gradual (over 35 years)
What Did Lincold originally want to do with the slaves?
send them back to Liberia
Lincol wants 10% of eligible southern voters to take pledge of allegiance to north (union) and could reinstate government with union values
Why did a controversy over the regained southern land exist?
Congress-control territories; president-control states; disagreed whether regained lands were states or territories
What happened to the 10% plan?
Lincoln died so never when into effect
How was Johnson impeached?
tenure office act (fired a member of government without permission)