The noun/pronoun that the sentence is about. It is what does/ is the verb.
The simple subject and all the words needed to describe it.
The verb or verb phrase.
The verb/ verb phrase and all the words needed to describe it.
A group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with its object. (a noun or pronoun)
A noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb. It always answers: whom? or what?
Which one? How many? How much? What kind?
Where? When? How? To what extent?