Medical Terminology - Chapter 6

170 terms by kimchistyle

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Stanberry's chapter 5 communication book

arthr/o

joint

brachi/o

arm

carp/o

wrist

chondr/o

cartilage

cost/o

rib

crani/o

cranium

dactyl/o

finger, toe

oste/o

bone

orth/o

correct

spondyl/o

vertebrae

vertebr/o

vertebrae

C

cervical

CT

computed tomography

Fx

fracture

MSS

musculoskeletal system

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

ROM

range of motion

T

thoracic

Arthralgia

pain in a joint

Arthrectomy

excision of a joint

Arthritis

inflammation of a joint

Arthrocele

swelling of a joint

Arthrocentesis

removal of fluid from a joint

Arthrochondritis

inflammation of cartilage in a joint

Arthrodynia

pain in a joint

Arthrogram

radiograph of a joint

Arthrometry

measurement of the amount of movement in a joint

Arthropathy

any disorder of a joint

Arthroplasty

surgical repair of a joint

Arthroscopy

examination of the interior of a joint

Arthroscope

device used in arthroscopy

Arthrosis

disintegration of a joint

Arthrotomy

surgical incision into a joint

Brachialgia

pain in the arm

carpal tunnel syndrome

condition characterized by wrist pain, often occurring during sleep

Carpectomy

excision of part of the wrist

Chondrodynia

pain originating in cartilage

Chondrogenesis

formation of cartilage

Chondroid

resembling cartilage

Chondromalacia

softening of cartilage

Chondropathy

disease of cartilage

Chondroplasty

surgical repair of cartilage

Costalgia

pain in a rib(s)

Costectomy

excision of a rib

Costochondritis

inflammation of rib cartilage

Dactylalgia

pain in a finger (or toe)

Dactylodynia

pain in a finger (or toe)

Dactylomegaly/megadactyly

enlargement of one or more fingers or toes

Ostealgia

pain in a bone

Ostectomy

surgical removal of bone

Osteitis

inflammation of bone

Osteochondritis

inflammation of bone and associated cartilage

Osteodynia

pain in a bone

Osteogenesis

formation of bone

Osteology

study of bone(s)

Osteomalacia

softening of bone

Osteopenia

abnormally low bone density

Osteoplasty

surgical repair of bone

Osteoporosis

atrophy of bone tissue

Osteorrhaphy

suturing together the parts of a broken bone

Osteotomy

surgical cutting of bone

appendicular

having to do with something attached

axial

straight line through a physical body

brachial

having to do with an arm

calcaneus

the heel bone

capitate bone

one of the eight carpals

carpal

a wrist bone

cervical

adjective describing the vertebrae (C1-C7) in the neck region; also used in connection with the uterus, which is part of the female reproductive system

Cervix

neck (also the neck of the uterus)

Chondrogenesis

formation of cartilage

chondroid

resembling cartilage

clavicle

the collarbone

coccygeal

the tailbone, made up of the four fused vertebrae at the base of the spinal column

costae fluctuantes

rib pairs 11 and 12

costae spuriae

rib pairs 8 through 12

costae verae

rib pairs 1 through 7

cranial bones

collectively, and along with other minor bones, the frontal bone, two parietal bones, two temporal bones, and the occipital bone

cuboid

a bone of the ankle

cuneiform bone

three ankle bones, respectively preceded by the adjectives lateral, intermediate, and medial

diarthrosis

synonym for synovial joint

femur

thighbone

fibula

the lateral leg bone

frontal bone

one of the six main cranial bones

hamate bone

one of the eight carpals

humerus

the long bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow

ilium

one of the three bones fused together to form the hip bone

ischium

one of the three bones fused together to form the hip bone

lumbar

adjective describing the vertebrae (L1-L5) in the lower spinal column

lunate bone

one of the eight carpals

Mandible/mandibular

the jawbone

Maxilla/maxillary

the bone above the upper teeth

metacarpal

one of the five bones extending from the wrist to the first knuckle in each hand

metatarsals

the bones between the tarsals and the phalanges (toes) of the foot

nasal bone

a facial bone (nose)

navicular

the central ankle bone

occipital bone

one of the six main cranial bones

os coxae

hip bone

osteogenesis

formation of bone

parietal bones

two of the six main cranial bones

patella

kneecap

pectoral girdle

the shoulder girdle

phalanges

fingers

pisiform bone

one of the eight carpals

pubis

one of the three bones fused together to form the hip bone

Radius/radial

one of the two bones (the other is the ulna) extending from the elbow to the wrist

Sacrum/sacral

bone formed from five vertebrae fused together near the base of the spinal column

scaphoid bone

one of the eight carpals

scapula/scapulae/scapular

the shoulder blade

sternum

the breastbone

suture

in the skeletal system, a fibrous membrane joining bones, especially the cranial bones

Synovial

adjective form of synovia, a synonym for synovial fluid

talus

the bone in the ankle that articulates with the tibia and fibula

tarsals

the bones of the sole of the foot

tarsus

instep or sole of the foot; collectively, the seven bones making up the bottom of the foot

temporal bones

two of the six main cranial bones

thoracic

adjective form of thorax

thorax

chest

tibia

shin bone

trapezium

one of the eight carpals

trapezoid bone

one of the eight carpals

triquetrum

one of the eight carpals

Ulna/ulnar

one of the two bones (the other is the radius) extending from the elbow to the wrist

Vertebra/vertebrae

one of the 33 segments making up the spinal column

zygomatic bones

a facial bone (cheek, one of two)

arthralgia

pain in a joint

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

arthrocele

swelling of a joint

arthrochondritis

inflammation of cartilage in a joint

arthrodynia

pain in a joint

arthropathy

any disorder of a joint

arthrosis

disintegration of a joint

brachialgia

pain in the arm

bursitis

inflammation of a bursa

carpal tunnel syndrome

condition characterized by wrist pain, often occurring during sleep

chondrodynia

pain originating in cartilage

chondromalacia

softening of cartilage

chondropathy

disease of cartilage

costalgia

pain in a rib

costochondritis

inflammation of rib cartilage

dactylalgia

pain in a finger

dactylodynia

pain in a finger

dactylomegaly /megadactyly

enlargement of one or more fingers or toes

ostealgia

pain in a bone

osteitis

inflammation of bone

osteochondritis

inflammation of bone and associated cartilage

osteodynia

pain in a bone

osteomalacia

softening of bone

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