A French captain who sailed up the St. Lawrence River in Canada and claimed the area for the French in 1534. He found and named the island that would become Montreal.
This was the first permanent English colony in North America. It was founded in 1607.
This was a group of Separatists who wanted to start a colony in North America so they could break from the Anglican Church. They settled the Plymouth colony in Massachusetts.
This was an English captain sailing for the Dutch. He explored and claimed the areas of modern day New York for the Dutch.
This is the term for Spanish conqueror.
Pedro Alavarez Cabral
This man led a voyage in 1500 that resulted in the discovery and claiming of Brazil for the Portuguese.
This man was the last emperor of the Incan empire. Having just survived a civil war against his brother, he was kidnapped and killed by the Spanish.
This man was an Italian sailor sailing for the Spanish in 1507. After taking notes on his voyages to the west, he announced that the land discovered was a new world. A German mapmaker named the land after him.
This man was the last emperor of the Aztec empire.
This man was the Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec empire in 1520.
Ponce de Leon
This Spanish explorer discovered, explored, and claimed the modern day state of Florida for the Spanish.
This was a system that allowed Spanish colonists in America to demand tribute (money) or labor from Native Americans in return for care and protection. It led to brutal slavery.
This man was a conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire in Peru in 1532.
This man led a voyage to find a westward route to Asia in 1492. He discovered a new world on this voyage.
The global transfer of foods, plants, animals, people, ideas and technology that began with the discovery of the New World.
An economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as money, to make a profit.
An economic policy used by most of the nations in Europe in the 1500's to 1700's. It is based on the fundamental belief that a nation's power is based on its wealth. The goal of this economic policy was to create as much wealth for the nation as possible.