the regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
division of the cytoplasm
(biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division
a mature sexual reproductive cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring.
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule.
The DNA and the proteins associated with the DNA
The two exact copies of DNA that make up each chromosome.
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and genetic content
of a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
any chromosome other than a sex chromosome
one of two chromosomes of the 23rd pair of human chromosomes, which determine an individual's gender
the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)