Chapter 6 Chromosomes and Cell Reproduction

18 terms by MRSKSWAN 

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Cell Cycle

the regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo

Interphase

period of the cell cycle between cell divisions

Mitosis

in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes

Cytokinesis

division of the cytoplasm

Spindle

(biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division

Gamete

a mature sexual reproductive cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes

Binary fusion

A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring.

Gene

A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule.

Chromosome

The DNA and the proteins associated with the DNA

Chromatid

The two exact copies of DNA that make up each chromosome.

Centromere

area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached

Homologous chromosomes

Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and genetic content

Diploid

of a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number

Haploid

an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes

Zygote

fertilized egg

Autosome

any chromosome other than a sex chromosome

Sex chromosome

one of two chromosomes of the 23rd pair of human chromosomes, which determine an individual's gender

Karyotype

the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)

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