APUSH Ch 33 Vocab

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Republican Warren G. Harding

the 1920 election was a resounding victory for this party and this candidate

Hawley-Smoot

the 1930 tariff which raised duties to 60%, angered the rest of the world, and exacerbated the depression

American Legion

the veterans pressure group organinzed in 1919 in Paris by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt

Five-Power Naval Treaty

the 1922 treaty which stated that the navies of the US, Britian, and Japan would be a ratio of 5-5-3

Capper-Volstead Act

the 1921 act of Congress which exempted farmers' marketing cooperatives from antitrust prosecution

John W. Davis

the man finally nominated for president by the Democrats after 102 ballots at their convention in 1924

Esch-Cummins Transportation Act

the 1920 act of Congress in which the railroads were returned to private ownership with a pledge of government help to make them profitable

Albert B. Fall

the scheming anti-conservationist from New Mexico who was Harding's infamous secretary of the interior

Adjusted Compensation Act

the 1924 act of Congress which gave every soldier a paid-up insurance policy due in twenty years, adding $3.5 billion to the cost of the war

Good Neighbor

the name given to Herbert Hoover's policy of withdrawing troops from Latin America and trying to promote better relations

Colonel Charles R. Forbes

the Harding appointee who, with his accomplices, looted the Veteran's Bureau of $200 million

Ohio Gang

the nickname for the party bosses and political hacks from Harding's home state that used their offices in the Harding administration for personal gain

Herbert Hoover

the energetic businessman, engineer, and feeder of the Belgians who became Harding's secretary of commerce

Bonus Army

the name for the 20,000 impoverished veterans and unemployed who converged on Washington in 1932 to lobby and intimidate Congress in to passing favorable legislation

Hoover Dam

the gigantic Colorado River project voted by Congress under Coolidge, begun under Hoover, and completed under FDR. It was used for irrigation, flood control, and electricity

Agricultural Marketing Act

the 1929 act of Congress which was designed to help the farmers help themselves through producers' cooperatives

Federal Farm Board

the board set up in 1929 designed to bolster sagging prices by buying, storing, and selling agricultural surpluses

Hoovervilles

the shantytowns of the early 1930's which were made of tin and paper

Dawes Plan

the 1924 plan to reschedule German war payments with the help of private US loans

Charles Evans Hughes

the masterful, imperious, incisive, and brilliant secretary of state under Warren G. Harding

Kellogg-Briand Pact

the 1928 treaty which outlawed war as an instrument of national policy

Robert La Folette

the 1924 candidate for president for the Progressive party

McNary-Haugen

the farm bill passed during 1924-1928 which sought to keep agricultural prices high by authorizing the government to buy up surpluses and sell them abroad. The bill passed twice and Coolidge vetoed it twice

Hoover-Stimson Doctrine

the 1932 foreign policy position of the US which stated that we would not recognize territorial acquisitions taken by force

Merchant Marine Act

the 1920 act which tried to get the government out of the shipping business and authorized the Shipping Board to dispose of its wartime fleet at bargain basement prices

Harry M. Daugherty

the small-town lawyer but big-time crook who was Harding's attorney general

Muscle Shoals Bill

the legislation vetoed by Hoover because he opposed having the federal government sell electricity in competition with its own citizens

Nine-Power Treaty

the 1922 treaty in which its signatories pledged a continuation of the Open Door policy in China

Adkins v. Children's Hospital

the 1923 Supreme Court case in which a minimum wage law for women was declared unconstitutional

Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act

the 1932 labor legislation that outlawed "yellow dog" contracts and forbade federal courts from issuing injunctions to restrain strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing

Fordney-McCumber

the 1922 tariff law in which protection rose to 38.5% which was almost as high as the Payne-Aldrich Tariff of 1909

oil

the American companies that wanted a military expedition to Mexico in 1926 when that government began to assert sovereignty over their resources

Railway Labor Board

the 1920's successor to the wartime labor boards that ordered 12% wage cuts to certain workers in 1922 provoking a two-month strike

Chicago

WWI had attracted many southern blacks to northern industrial cities. Name the city in which postwar tensions resulted in a racial reign of terror in 1919, leaving 23 blacks and 15 whites dead

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

the name (not acronym) for the 1932 government agency created to provide loans for banks, insurance companies, state and local governments, and railroads, but not to individuals

Al Smith

the colorful Democratic nominee for president in 1928

Four-Power Treaty

the 1922 treaty in which France, the US, Britian, and Japan promised to respect one another's Pacific territories and to cooperate to prevent agression

stock market crash

the Wall Street event that occured on October 29, 1929

William Howard Taft

one of Harding's most competent appointees was this man, appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court

Andrew W. Mellon

the Pittsburgh aluminum king who became Harding's Secretary of Treasury

Teapot Dome Scandal

Harry F. Sinclair and Edward L. Doheny gave several hundred thousand dollars to Albert Fall for oil leases in this major scandal of the Harding administration

Warren G. Harding

the Ohio senator the Republicans finally settled on as their presidential candidate in 1920

Herbert Hoover

the man who declared an international debt moratorium in 1931 which was followed by a default of all the debtors except Finland

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