CH 6-7.1 Vocab Rubenstein

25 terms by derbydog1 

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Animism

A belief that inanimate objects are animated and have spirits and conscious life.

Example: Some Ethnic African religions
Chapter: 6-1

Apartheid

a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites

Example: This was a former policy in South Africa
Chapter: 7-1

Autonomous Religion

Self-sufficient and interaction among their communities is very limited.

Example: Islam and some Protestant denominations
Chapter: 6-3

Blockbusting

Real estate agents convinced white homeowners living near a black area to sell their houses at low prices. They then sold the houses to black families at higher prices.

Example: An all white neighborhood could change to all black in a matter of months.
Chapter: 7-1

Branch

A large division within a religion.

Example: Roman Catholic
Chapter: 6-1

Caste

The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu was assigned according to religious law.

Example: the Untouchables (was abolished by British administrators)
Chapter: 6-4

Cosmogony

A set of religious beliefs concerning the universe.

Chapter: 6-2

Denomination

A division in a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.

Example: Baptist, Methodist, Pentecostal, and Lutheran.
Chapter: 6-1

Diocese

The basic unit of geographic organization in Roman Catholic Churches.

Hint: It falls below the Bishop and is above the Priest.
Chapter: 6-3

Ethnic Religion

Appeals to only one group of people in one place.

Example: Hinduism
Chapter: 6-1

Fundamentalism

A literal interpretation and a strict and intense adherence to basic principles of a religion.

Example: Taliban
Chapter: 6-4

Ghetto

A city neighborhood set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews.

Chapter: 6-2

Hierarchical Religion

Well defined geographic structure.

Example: Roman Catholic
Chapter: 6-3

Missionary

A person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs.

Example: Christianity was spread by these
Chapter: 6-2

Monotheism

A belief that there is only one god.

Example: Judaism
Chapter: 6-1

Pagan

A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.

Hint: Derives from the Latin word for "Countryside"
Chapter: 6-2

Pilgrimage

A journey for religious purposes to a place considered sacred.

Hint: The Muslims travel to Makkah for this.
Chapter: 6-3

Polytheism

A belief that there are multiple gods.

Example: Hinduism
Chapter: 6-1

Racism

Biological classification by race is the basis for this.

Chapter: 7-1

Racist

A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.

Chapter: 7-1

Sect

A small group that has broken away from a denomination.

Example: Maronites
Chapter: 6-1

Solstice

This has a special significance in some ethnic religions.

Hint: These are the shortest and longest days in the year
Chapter: 6-2

Triangular Slave Trade

Cloth, iron, bars, and other goods were carried from Britain to Africa to buy slaves. The same ships took the slaves from Africa to the Caribbean islands. The ships returned to Britain with molasses to make rum.

Chapter: 7-1

Universalizing Religion

These attempt to be global and appeal to everyone, wherever they may live.

Example: Christianity
Chapter: 6-1

White Flight

When Supreme Court ruled that schools had to be desegregated, the whites fled rather than integrate.

Chapter: 7-1

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