Islam Expands

Created by swaggydaddyyolo 

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Islam Chapter

Ali

Muhammad's son-in-law, the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs.

Baghdad

Capital of Abbasid dynasty located in Iraq.

Caliph

Successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims.

Calligraphy

Writing that became Islam's highest art form.

Damascus

The chosen city by the Umayyad Caliphs in Syria to be their capital.

Dome of the Rock

Mosque in Jerusalem where Muhammad ascended to heaven. Third holiest sight in Islam.

Mecca

The holiest city of Islam and Muhammad's birthplace. Considered the religious capitol of Islam.

Mosaic

Art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass

Moors

The group of Muslims from North Africa who conquered Spain in the eighth century.

Optics

The study of how light behaves.

Protected Peoples

The Muslim classification used for Hindus, Christians, and Jews; they were allowed to follow their religions but had to pay a special tax.

Shari'a

A body of law governing the lives of muslims.

Shi'a

Party of Ali, believed that all Caliphs need to be descendant of Muhammad.

Sunni

A group of Islamic religion that believes that its religious leader can be any muslim and should be elected based on merit.

Sufi

A Muslim who seeks to achieve direct contact with God through mystical means.

Tours

The city where Charles Martel defeated the Muslims stopping the spread of Islam into Western Europe.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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