ARISTOCRATIC BRANCH OF ROME'S GOVERNMENT
chief executives in early Rome who ran the government and served as army commanders
common people of ancient Rome.
the wealthy class in Roman society; landowners
deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches
the intersection of two barrel vaults at right angles
the Romans made this raw material by mixing lime with volcanic rock and ash
The famous city in southern Italy destroyed by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79
Destroyed by Mt. Vesuvius in 79 A.D. along with Pompeii
volcano in Italy that destroyed Pompeii
Roman general who became the republic's dictator in 45 B.C.
first emporor in Rome and ruler when Jesus is born.
a place of assembly for the people in ancient Rome
the central court of an ancient Roman house
pool for rain water
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
Rome; Early Empire; 27 BC-100 CE
two emperors who ruled the East and West Empires of Rome; started by Diocletian
Roman commander that destroyed Jerusalem
An oval or round building with tiers of seats
expanded the empire to its greatest extent; implemented the construction of many public works - roads, canals, bridges
Hadrian and Antonines,
a place of assembly for the people in ancient Greece
the round central opening of a dome
A sunken panel, often ornamental, in a vault or a ceiling.
scenes sequences of scence from ones story or several in a composition
a curved structural member that spans an opening and is generally composed of wedge shaped blocks that transmit the downward pressure laterally
book written by Marcus Aurelius about his beliefs
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church.
LATE EMPIRE, 192-337
Makes everyone in the R.E. a citizen
first christian emporer; issued Edict of Milan which proclaimed officail tolerance of christianity
a technique of painting using pigments mixed with egg yolk, glue or casein
The Soldier Emperors,
Roman emperor from 284-305 CE; restored later empire by improved administration and tax collection; set up the Tetrarchy to slow down the decline of Roman civilization
Emperor Diocletian's division of the Roman Empire into four seperate administrative districts
purple stone used to make royal sculptures (ex: tetrarchs, Late Rome)
cold room (in the baths)
intersecting 2 barrel vaults of equal size
Open exercise area
in Roman baths, the swimming pool
"condemning the memory": erasing a person's existence in a very noticeable way--> take face off but leave body
Augustus of the East,
Augustus of the West,
Constantine defeated his anti-Christian rival in the west, Maxentius, supposedly under the sign of the cross in 312 CE
Edict of Milan,
a ruling by Constantine that allowed Christians to openly practice their faith in the Roman empire.
the first capitol of the Eastern Empire renamed as Constantinople
capital of the Byzantine Empire
The New Rome
Marriage, Slavery, property, inheritance, womens rights,criminal justice
a recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church