Test Three

76 terms by bigjones 

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Organisms that have most of their DNA contained in a membrane - bound nucleus are called

Eukaryotes

Whic of the following statements is not true regarding protists as described in class

They are a monphyletic kingdom of life

The ancestor of all animals was very likely the ancestor of the extant potist named

Choanoflagellate

Which of the following is not related to protists contribution to the overall ecology of earth

Protists are important in nitrogen fixation

The term algae

Is a descriptive term for any photosynthetic, aquatic protist, unicellular, colonial, or mulicellular

Which of the following statements does not relate to the Alveolata protist group Dino flagellate

They are all Heterotrophic

Which of the following statements does not relate to the Excavata protist group euglenoid

They are all heterotrophic

Which of the following statements does not relate to stramenopile mainly protist group diatom

They are all heterotrophic

The archaeplastidae (pantae) contains all the land plants; which statement is ot true regarding them

They are all mulicellular

THe unikona group amebozoa are a sister group to ____ and contain ___

The fungi and animals. true amoebos and slime molds

The rhizaria group contains foraminiferans and radiolarians; which statement is not true about these

They are all autotrophs

The ciliates are a monophyletic group of protists; which statement is not true about thes

They are all autotrophs

The apixomplexans are another monophyletic protist group; which statement is not true about them

They are all autotrophs

Land plants are incredibly important to the Earth's ecologyl; what do they not contribute

They provid additional nitrogen to the atmosphere beyond that phytoplankton

Higher plant " alernation of generations" means that higher plants have a

Conspicuous diploid sporophyte generation and inconspicuous haploid gametophyte generation

In all plants

A haploid gametophyte produces gametes by mitosis

Key innovations that enable advanced land plants to inhabit terrestrial environments do not include

Flagellated reproductive spores

Which of the following groups of plants is not a land plant, that is an Embryophyte

The charales

Which of the following statements does not relate to the Bryophytes as defined by your author

They have true roots and leaves

Which is not true about the seedless, vascular plants, i.e. Polypodiopsida and Lycopodiopsida

They can sexually reproduce in the absence of free surface water

Key evolutionary innovations of the gymnosperms that allowed them to live in drier conditions include

The pollen grain and the seed

Which of the following plants is not a Gymonsperm

Ferns

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the conifers ( pinophyta)

They only exist in the form of trees

The key evolutinary innovation of the Angiosperms, which the gymnosperms do not share are

the fruit and the flower

Angiosperms are a monophyletic clade consitisting of several sub- clades; the two main sub clades are

The monocotyledons and eudicotyledons

A flowers main function is _____, and a fruit's are ______

Pollination, protection and dispersal of the seed

All fungi are members of the Unikonat clade; they are a sister group to all of the

Animals including the Choanoflagellates

Perhaps the most important overall role of fungi in the ecology of the earth is

decompostion

Important characteristics of fungi do not include

They store sugar as starch

The individual microscopic filaments that make up most of a multicellular fungus are

Hyphae

The microscopic strands from question # 32 aggregate together to form visible strands; these are

Mycelium

Microsopic sexaul reproductive cells produced by most fungi are called

spores

Fungi that make a thick walled diploid zygospore (from greek zygon for yoke) from the union of the two hypahe; and that include the black bread mod are called

zygomycetes

The individual microscopic filaments that make up most of a mulicellular fungus are

hyphae

The microsopic strand from question #32 aggregate together to form visible strands; these are

Mycellium

Microscopic sexual reproductive cells produced by most fungi are called

spores

Fungi that make a thick walled diploid zygospore (from greek zygon for yoke) from the union of two hypahe: and that include the black bread mold are called

Zygomycetes

The largest group of fungi, which includes yeasts, penicillin mold, ergot, and Neuropsora, and truffles and morels; and that all produce sexual spores in characterisic sacs ( ascos) are called

Ascomycetes

Fungi that include all the mushrooms, toadstools, puffballs, and wood brackets; and that erelease sexual spores from club-shaped structures are called

Basidiomycetes

Saccharomyces is a fungi that is used by humans to produce

Bread, beer, and wine

A symbiotic relationship between plant roots and fungi that increase root surface area for absorption is

Micorrhizae

A dual organism consisting of a mutualism between fungi and algae (or cyanobacteria ) is a

Lichen

The term invertebrate is

A descriptive term which is not a monphyletic clade, for all true animals that do not have a spine

The Eumetazoans are the true animas which characteristic below do they not all share

Some of the are autotrophs

A bauplan (body plan) in which andy plane lenght wish through teh body divides it into mirror images is

Radial symmetry

Developmental aspects of bauplan do not include which of the folowingterms and concepts

Gastrula tissue differentiation into endoderm, and at least one other tissue

Key "bauplan" innovations in the animals do not include which of the following

Only a few are segmented to add flexibility and potential specialization

Sponges are in the clade(phylum) Porifera; which of the following is not one of their characteristics

They have true tissues

The most basal Eumetazoan clade (phylum) is Cnidaria; which of the following is not true about them

They all have bilateral symmety at all points in their life cycle, i.e. both as larva and as an adult

The flatworms are in the clade (phylum) Platyhelminthes; which of the following is not true about them

They have a complete digestive tract

Snails, oysters, clams,octopi, and squid are all in one clade (phylum), which is not true about them

THeir visceral mass contains an incomplete digestive tract

Leeches and earthworms, segmented worms with complete digestive tracts, belong to the clade (phylum)

Annelida

Caenorhabditis elegans, pinworms, and hookworms, i.e. roundworms, all belong to the clade

nematoda

The largest clade of animals including all the insects, crustaceans, and arachnids, all with exoskeletons containing chitin, is named

Arthropoda

Within the insects, which clade (order) contians all the beetles ( the largest clade of insects)

Coleoptera

The Echinodermata have spiny exteral surfaces; which following statement is not true about them

They all have radial symmetry at all points in their life cycle, i.e. both as a larva and as an adult

Definitive characteristic of all chordates do not include which of the following

They are all protostomes

Chordates that have a spine, either made of cartilage or bone, are called

Vertebrates

What clade is Amphioxus ( lancelet) in? ( This clade is probably ancestral to the first vertebrate.)

Chephalochordates

The single most important, key innovation that allowed for the evolution of reptiles on dry land is

The amnion

Animals that maintains their body temperature using heat generated from their own metabolism are

Endotherms

Slimy, eel like (not a true eel) scavenger animals that are a Craniata, but are not a verterbrate, are the

Hagfishes

Ray- finned fishes (actinopterygii) are a true clade; which of the following is not an actinopterygii

coelocanth

The earliest Tetrapod clade to evolve from an ancestal Sarcopterygian lobe- finned fish is the

Amphibian

Reptiles are a polyphyletic group containg the Anapsids, which are _____ and the diapsids, which include _____

The turtles and tortoises ( testudines) ; the lizards, snakes, crocodillians, and birds

Key evolutionary innovations that most birds have, mainly for flight, do not include which of the following

Ectothermy

Which of the following animals are birds more closely related to

The theropod dinosaur Velociraptor

Mammalian adaptive radiation ( and Actinopterygian) was/has been most profoundly influenced by

The K/T Boundary

Key mammalian evolutionaory innovations do not include which of the following

A six chamberd heart

Mammals that laly eggs, and that include the platypus and echidna,vare in the clade

monotreme

the lagomorphs ( rabbits, hares, pikas) relatives in the mammalian Tree of life are

Rodentia ( mice, rats, squirrles, gophers, porcupines, beavers,etc

Artiodactyls (eventoes hoofed mamals, including deer, cow, hippos) closest extant relatives are

The cetacea (whales, porpoises, and dolphins)

If a virus enters the host cell, immediately replicates, which causes the host cell to lyse ( burst), it is called

a lytic infection

Which of the following statements is not true about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

It uses revers transcriptase to produce DNA in its host form an RNA viral genome

The best weapon against viral infection is

Antibiotics

Prions are very strange; which of the following statements is nto true regarding them

Diseases associated with prions include Kuru, Creautzfeldt-Jakob, and mad-cow

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