comes after the L.V and is a noun.not included in preposition phrase.it explains/rename the subject
comes after the L.V and is an adjective.not included in preposition phrase.describe the subject
tells to/for whom and to/for what the action of the verb is done.comes before the D.O.not included in preposition phrase.comes after the action verb
answer what/who after the A.V.comes after the I.O.not included in preposition phrase.directly receives the action expressed by the verb
a subordinate clause that modifies a noun/pronoun.begins with a relative prounoun such as - who,whom,which,whose,that,when,where-
subordinate clause thta modifies a verb,an adjective,an adverb or a verbal.tells -how, where,why,when, to what extent,or under what condition. are intoduce by subordinating conjunctions such as -as after,although,before,if,since,so,then,unless,while-
subordinate clause use as a non.it may be used as a subject,a predicate nominative, a direct o bject, the object of a preposition, or an object of a verbal.usually intoduce by - that, what,when,where,whether,who,whoever, whom,whomever,whose,why, how-
does not contain both a verb and its subject.consist of a preposition and its modifier.
noun/pronoun placed beside another noun/pronoun to explain/identify it.it is usually set of by commas unless it is essential to the meaning of the sentence.
a verb ending in -ing that is used as a noun.it is used as subjects,predicate nominative ,direct objects or object of preposition
a prepositional phrase used as a adjective.it always follows the noun or pronoun it identifies.
a verb form and preceded by to that can be used as a noun,an adjective or an adverb
a prepositional phrase used as an adverb.tell when,where,,how,why or to what extent.it modifies a verb, an adjective or an adverb