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Chapter 21 about Cuba, Mexico, Panama Canal, Spanish War etc.

imperialism

the practice of building an empire by founding colonies or conquering other nations

William H. Seward

1867 Secretary of State, arranged the purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million, less than 2 cents per acre, known as "Seward's Folly" or the "Alaskan Icebox"

isolationism

avoiding involvement in the affairs of other countries

McKinley Tariff

law allowed countries to ship sugar duty-free to the US, gave sugar producers a subsidy

subsidy

bonus payment by the government

Liliuokalani

Queen of Hawaii, presented a new constitution that returned power to the monarchy

Matthew Perry

Commodore sent by Pres. Fillmore to secure "friendship, commerce, a supply of coal and provisions." went to Japan to settle a trading plan with them, presented the things that US can offer, created a treaty opening trade, P.S. not the actor on Friends

spheres of influence

areas where foreign nations could control trade and natural resources

Open Door Policy

announced by Secretary of State, John Hay, main argument of this policy was that all nations should have equal access to trade with China

Boxer Rebellion

Chinese nationalists who were members of a group called Fist of Righteous Harmony, name from foreigners because of boxing rituals, angered by foreign involvement of China's affairs

yellow journalism

an exaggerated newspaper story to sell the newspapers

Joseph Pulitzer

publisher of the New York World newspaper

William Randolph Hearst

publisher of the New York Journal, "You furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war."

Teller Amendment

stated that the US had no interest in taking control of Cuba

Emilio Aguinaldo

rebellion leader who was the aid to the US to capture Manila, Philippines

Anti-Imperialist League

Americans who opposed the peace treaty between the US and Spain created this league, accuse the US of building a colonial empire

Platt Amendment

limited Cuba's right to make treaties and allowed the US to intervene in Cuban affairs, also required Cuba to sell or lease land to the US for naval stations

John Hay

Secretary of State, negotiated the Hay-Pauntefote Treaty with Britain in 1901, negotiated all treaties having to do with the Panama Canal

Hay-Herran Treaty

1903, US pay $10 million + $250,000 a year for a 99-yr lease on a strip of land across the isthmus

Philippe Bunau-Varilla

chief engineer of the French Canal Company, created alternate solution, created the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

agreement closely resembled the Hay-Herran Treaty, one exception was that the canal zone was widened 10 miles

Panama Canal

6,000 died during the process, opened 8-15-1914, cost was $375 million + $300 million spent on in failed French effort, "highway between the oceans"

Roosevelt Corollary

Roosevelt's Big Stick plan in result of the Monroe Doctrine, created him the police officer of the Western Hemisphere

dollar diplomacy

influence Latin American governments through economic intervention, Taft's result to the Monroe Doctrine

Porifirio Diaz

30 yrs of being the pres. of Mexico, ruled harshly

Francisco Madero

democratic reformer, began the Mexican Revolution in 1910, forced Diaz to resign and became pres.

Victoriano Huerta

had Madero killed and became pres.

Venustiano Carranza

went against Huerta and gained support of Mexico

Francisco "Pancho" Villa

led the rebels in the north against Huerta

Emiliano Zapata

led the rebels in the south against Huerta

ABC Powers

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, offered to negotiate a dispute

John J. Pershing

sent by Wilson to chase Villa and failed to capture him

Annex

an addition or take control

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