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Cardiology

The study of the heart.

Dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin.

Gastrointestinal

Refers to the stomach and the intestines.

Cerebral

Pertaining to the brain.

Pathologist

Specialist in the study of diseases.

Nephritis

Inflammation of the kidney.

Spasm

Involuntary contractions.

-osis

Condition or disease.

-otomy

Cutting into; Surgical incision.

-oma

A tumor, swelling.

-ectomy

Surgical removal or all or part of.

Arthritis

Inflammation of a joint.

Blephar-

The eyelid.

Dermis

Term for the skin.

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gums.

Prefix

Element used at the beginning of a medical term to make it more specific or change the meaning of the medical term.

Suffix

Element used after the root element that describes a condition of a body part or an action to a body part.

Root

Element used as the subject or main topic of the medical term; frequently a body part. Usually one or more root words.

Medical Term

Word or phrase used to describe what is wrong or what needs to be done on or in the body.

Element

Words that are used to create a medical term.

-ic

Pertaining to.

-y

Act or result of an action; condition or quality.

-ia

A disease; unhealthy state or condition.

-al

Pertaining to.

-ac

Pertaining to.

-algia

Pain.

Nephrolith

Kidney stones.

Myoid

Resembling muscle.

Endocarditis

Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.

Hypodermic

Beneath the skin.

Hematology

Study of the blood.

Cyanosis

Abnormal blue color to the mucous membranes of the body.

Microscope

Instrument used to observe microscopic organisms.

Gastralgia

Stomach pain.

Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus.

Hemolysis

Breaking down and dissolving of red blood cells.

Osteoma

Tumor composed of bone tissue.

Lipemic

Abnormal amount of fat in the blood.

Paralysis

The loss of movement in a part of the body.

Cystotomy

Surgical incision of the urinary bladder.

Cervical

Pertaining to the neck.

Hypertension

High blood pressure.

My-

Prefix for muscle.

Ophthalmic

Pertaining to the eye.

Stethoscope

Instrument used for listening to the chest.

Cranial

Pertaining to the skull.

Crepitus

Abnormal grating felt on joints and bones.

Steatorrhea

Fat in stool.

Ecchymosis

Condition of superficial bleeding under the skin or mucous membrane.

Lithotripsy

Crushing of a bladder stone within the bladder.

Hydropenia

Deficiency of water within the body.

Acrocyanosis

Blueness of the extremities.

Hydremia

A watery state of the blood.

Mastication

The chewing of food.

Pathogen

Disease producer.

Carcinoma

Harmful and life-threatening growth.

Glossodynia

Pain in the tongue.

Proctoptosis

Prolapse of the anus and rectum.

Autolysis

Disintegration of tissue within the patient's body.

Arthrodesis

Surgical fusion of a joint.

Angiorrhexis

Rupture of a blood vessel.

Cephalic

Pertaining to the head.

Dental

Pertaining to the teeth.

Bursotomy

Surgical incision of a sac/bursa.

Retractor

Surgical instrument used to hold open incisions or wounds.

Epicostal

Situated upon a rib.

Crani-

Skull.

-desis

Binding, fixation; usually by surgical fusion.

-pexy

Surgical fixation.

-rrhaphy

Suture.

Dyn-

Pain.

-algia

Pain.

Hyper-

Over and above normal.

Supra-

Above; located or situated on the upper side of.

Benign

Not cancerous.

Emetic

Induces vomiting.

Lingually

Toward the tongue.

Leukocyte

White blood cell.

Angi-

Blood vessel.

Stenosis

Constriction of a body passage.

-cele

Hernia.

Caudal

Pertaining to the tail.

-ae

Plural for words ending in -a

Semination

Deposit semen into female genital tract.

Vasectomy

Surgical excision of male sperm duct.

Celiotomy

Surgical incision into the abdomen.

-a

Forms name of a thing when added to a root word.

Bradycardia

Abnormally slow heartbeat.

Canthal

Pertaining to the corning of the eye.

Transplacental

Penetration of the placenta.

Cytogenesis

Production of cells

Leukocytosis

Increase in white blood cells in the blood

Cheilocarcinoma

Cancer of the lip.

Erythrocyte

Red blood cell.

Contraception

Used to prevent pregnancy.

Cerebrovascular

Pertaining to the blood vessels of the brain.

Melanin

Black/brown pigment in the hair/skin.

Erythrocytopenia

Decreased number of red blood cells.

Spondylitis

Inflammation of the vertebrae.

Subcutaneous

Beneath the skin.

Lacrimal

Pertaining to tears.

Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of bone and bone marrow.

Pylorus

Opening from stomach to intestines.

Arthrocentesis

Surgical puncture of a joint.

Cecum

Blind pouch at the beginning of the large intestines.

Otitis

Inflammation of the ear.

Cystocentesis

Bladder punctures to collect a sterile urine sample.

Dermatomycosis

Fungal infection of the skin.

Lactation

Secretion of milk.

Gastropexy

Surgical fixation of the stomach.

Visceral organs

Internal organs.

Anticoagulant

To prevent the coagulation of blood.

Emetic

To induce vomiting.

Coagulant

To clot the blood.

NPO

Non per oz; nothing by mouth.

WBC

White blood cell.

RBC

Red blood cell.

SQ

Sub Q; Subcutaneous.

PO

Per oz; by mouth.

Onco-

A tumor; mass of tissue.

Vesic-

Bladder or bladder-like structure.

Cyst-

Naming diseases and treatments involving the bladder and bladder-like structures.

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain.

Cor

Heart as a muscular organ.

Phlebitis

Inflammation of a vein.

Umbilicus

Navel; belly button.

Cryptorchid

Testicles not descended into scrotum.

Pyocolpos

Pus within the vagina.

Acoustic

Pertaining to hearing.

Cardi-

Used to name conditions and treatments of the heart.

Thalamus

Gray mass in the brain.

Ren-

Used as a landmark for kidney.

Artery

Carries blood away from the heart.

Vein

Carries blood to the heart.

Cilia

Hairlike projections.

Monorchid

Only one testicle descended.

Hyperplasia

Abnormal increase in growth.

Stoma

Mouth.

Palpebral

Pertaining to the eyelid.

Nephr-

Used to name conditions and procedures of the kidney.

Dendrite

Nerve fibers extending from a nerve cell.

Physiology

Study of body functions.

Buccal

Toward the cheek.

Leiomyoma

Tumor consisting of smooth muscle fibers.

Histopathology

Microscopic study of diseased tissues.

Tympanic membrane

Eardrum.

Antrum

A hollow, cavity in the bone.

Sinus

Hollow, chamber; Usually pertaining to the nasal sinuses.

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