History Test-Islam

41 terms by mlrutter

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Islam, Arab

Sheikh

ruled the tribes; chosen from leading families by a council of elders

Quran

holy book of the religion of Islam

Islam

means "peace through the submission to the will of Allah"

Hijrah

journey of Muhammad and his followers to Madinah

hajj

pilgrimage to Makkah

shari'ah

law code developed by scholars

Allah

supreme god of Islam

Muhhammad

prophet of Allah

Khadija

Muhammad's wife and the 1st to be converted

Muslims

those who practice the religion of Islam

Bedouins

Arabs in the desert that supported Muhammad

caliph

successor of Muhammad; leader of Muslims

jihad

"struggle in the name of God"

Shiite

only accept only decedents of Ali as true rulers of Islam

Sunni

did not agree with Umayyad ruler but accepted them as rulers

vizier

headed the council that advised the caliph

sultan

Turkish leader that captured Baghdad and took command of the empire

mosque

muslim houses of worship

Ab Bakr

leader after Muhammad; father-in-law

Mu'awiyah

general of Syria and one of Ali's chief rivals; bacame caliph

Umayyad dynasty

established by Mu'awiyah

Berbers

pastoral people living along the Mediterranean coast of North Africa

Hussein

led a revolt to gain power; second son of Ali and son-in-law of Muhammad

Abbasid dynasty

set up by Abu al-Abbas; lasted until 1258

Harun al-Rashid

reign is known as the golden age; known for his charity

Seljuk Turks

nomadic people from central Asia

Saladin

Muslim ruler that took control of Egypt and made himself sultan ending the Fatimid dynasty

Mongols

pastoral people who swept out of the Gobi to seize control over much of the known world

bazaar

covered market

dowry

gift of money or property to their brides family

Abbasids

while they were in power the capital city Baghdad was one of the most prosperous cities in the empire

Fatimids

When they came to power in Egypt the focus of trade went to Cairo

astrolabe

instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the positions of the stars and planets

minaret

famous section of the Samarra mosque; tower where the muezzin calls people to pray 5 times a day

muezzin

person who calls people to prayer 5 times a day

arabesque

geometric patterns

Ibn-Rushd

philosopher that wrote a commentary on almost all of Aristotle's surviving works

Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

wrote a medical encyclopedia that stressed the contagious nature of some diseases

Ibn-khaldun

most prominent historian of his time; wrote "Introduction to History"

Omar Khayyam

wrote the Rubaiyat; poet/mathatician/astronomer

Alhambra

famous Islmaic palace

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