Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Prosocial Behavior

any act performed with the goal of benefiting another person

altruism

the desire to help another person even if it involves a costs to the helper

kin selection

the idea that behaviors that help a genetic relative are favored by natural selection

norm of reciprocity

the expectation that helping others will increase the likelihood that they will help us in the future

Empathy

the ability to put oneself in the shoes of another person and to experience events and emotions (e.g., joy and sadness) the way that person experiences them

empathy-altruism hypothesis

the idea that when we feel empathy for a person, we will attempt to help that person purely for altruistic reasons, regardless of what we have to gain

altruistic personality

the qualities that cause an individual to help others in a wide variety of situations

in-group

the group with which an individual identifies as a member

out-group

any group with which an individual does not identify

negative-state relief hypothesis

the idea that people help in order to alleviate their own sadness and distress

urban overload hypothesis

the theory that people living in cities are constantly being bombarded with stimulation and that they keep to themselves to avoid being overwhelmed by it

bystander effect

the finding that the greater the number of bystanders who witness an emergency, the less likely any one of them is to help

pluralistic ignorance

bystanders' assuming that nothing is wrong in an emergancy because no one else looks concerned

diffusion of responsibility

the phenomenon whereby each bystander's sense of responsibility to help decreases as the number of witnesses increases

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set