The sequence of incidents or events in a narrative.
The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning.
In a narrative, the turning point in the action and/or the highest point of interest or excitement.
A kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or abstract ideas human characteristics.
Beginning several consecutive or neighboring words with the same consonant sound.
General concept or idea, whether hidden or asserted, that the author is trying to convey to the audience.
A comparison of two unlike things not using like or as.
Combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression.
The place and time in which a narrative takes place.
The writer's or speaker's attitude toward a subject, character, or audience. It may be serious, humorous, sarcastic, indignant, etc.
The main character in a literary work.
Point of view
The perspective from which a speaker or writer recounts a narrative or presents information.
A struggle between opposing forces. Ex: man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. technology, etc.
Vivid descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the senses.
A shift in a narrative to an earlier event that interrupts the normal chronological development of a story.
Placing normally unassociated words, phrases, or ideas next to one another, often creating an effect or surprise or wit.
Part of the plot's structure, this builds to a climax.
Refers to the feelings and attitudes associated with a word.
This person or thing brings conflict to the main character.
A comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words like or as.
The dictionary definition of a word or a word's primary significance or reference.
The part of the plot in which the problem in the story is resolved.
The use of one object to represent or suggest something else.
An instance of using a word, phrase, or clause more than once in a short passage --dwelling on a point.
The use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.
To compare in order to show differences.
The emotional atmosphere in a literary work.
The elements of a statement contradict each other. Although the statement may appear illogical, impossible, or absurd, it turns out to have a coherent meaning that reveals a hidden truth.
Choice and use of words in speech or writing.
A deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration. May be used for either serious or comic effect.
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