Medical Terminology - Chapter 8

107 terms by kimchistyle

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Stanberry Med Term book

aort/o

aorta

atri/o

atrium

brady-

slow

card/i/o

heart

corona

the adjective form "coronary" is sometimes used to describe anatomic structures, such as nerves, ligaments, and blood vessels, especially the arteries of the heart

echo

a reverberation of sound; not properly called a root (and therefore written without the slash before its final letter), echo has been adopted for use in forming some medical terms, such as echogram and echocardiography)

electr/o

electrical

endo-

inner, inside

-gram

written record

my/o

muscle

peri-

around, surrounding

-stenosis

a narrowing

tachy-

fast

valv/o, valvul/o

valve

ventricul/o

ventricle

atriomegaly

enlargement of an atrium

atrioseptoplasty

surgical repair of an atrial septum

bradycardia

also called bradyarrhythmia; abnormally slow heartbeat

cardiac arrest

abbreviated CA, this condition, as its name suggests, describes the sudden cessation of heart activity

cardiodynia

heart pain

cardiogram (This word and the next are often called "electrocardiogram" and "electrocardiograph," respectively; the abbreviation for both can be either EKG or ECG.)

a graphic trace of heart functions

cardiograph (also "myocardiograph," as well as "electrocardiograph," as noted above)

a machine to electrically measure heart functions

cardiomalacia

softening of the heart

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

cardiomyopathy

disease of the heart muscle (myocardium)

cardiomyoplasty

a surgical procedure that involves engaging the

cardiopathy

any heart disease

cardiorrhaphy

suturing of the wall of the heart muscle

cardiorrhexis

rupture in the wall of the heart muscle

cardiotomy

incision into the heart OR incision into the cardia of the stomach

carditis

inflammation of the heart

endocarditis

inflammation of the endocardium

myocardial infarction (often abbreviated MI)

heart attack; patients suspected of having had an MI are given a blood test to measure the level of troponin in the blood (troponin is a protein that is released when an MI occurs)

myocarditis

inflammation of the heart muscle

pericardiorrhaphy

suturing of the pericardium

pericardiotomy

incision into the pericardium

pericardiotomy

incision into the pericardium

pericarditis

inflammation of the pericardium

tachycardia

also called tachyarrhythmia; abnormally rapid heartbeat

valvoplasty; also valvuloplasty

surgical repair of a heart valve

valvotomy; also valvulotomy

surgical removal of a blocked heart valve (stenosis of a heart valve) by cutting into it

valvulitis

inflammation of a heart valve

ventriculoplasty

surgical repair of a heart ventricle

ventriculoscopy

examination of a heart ventricle with an endoscope

aortic semilunar valve

connects the left ventricle to the aorta

atria

two of the four heart chambers, composed of the right atrium and left atrium

endocardium

the inner surface of the heart

epicardium

the outer lining of the heart

left atrioventricular valve also known as the bicuspid or mitral valve

connects the left atrium to the left ventricle

myocardium

the heart muscle, which includes nerves and blood vessels

pericardial

adjective form of pericardium

pericardial cavity

another lining of the pericardium closest to the heart

pericardial sac

the subcavity of the thoracic cavity in which the heart is enclosed

Pericardium serous membrane lining

serous membrane lining the peri- cardial cavity

pulmonary semilunar valve

valve connecting the right ventricle and lungs

right atrioventricular valve also known as the tricuspid valve

valve connecting the right atrium the tricuspid valve to the right ventricle

septa

thin wall that separates cavities or masses; in the heart, septa separate the right atrium from the left atrium and the right ventricle from the left ventricle

troponin

a protein that is released into the bloodstream when a heart attack occurs

ventricle

two of the four heart chambers, composed of the right ventricle and left ventricle

arrhythmia

abnormal rhythm; irregular heartbeat

atriomegaly -megaly (suffix meaning

enlargement of an atrium

bradycardia

abnormally slow heartbeat

cardiac arrest

cessation of heart activity

cardiodynia

heart pain

cardiomalacia

softening of the heart

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

cardiomyopathy

disease of the heart muscle

cardiopathy

any heart disease

cardiorrhexis

rupture in the wall of the heart

carditis

inflammation of the heart

endocarditis

inflammation of the endocardium

myocardial infarction

heart attack

myocarditis ; -itis

inflammation of the heart muscle

pericarditis

inflammation of the pericardium

tachycardia

abnormally rapid heartbeat

valvulitis

inflammation of a heart valve

cardiogram

a graphic trace of heart functions

myocardiograph , cardiograph

a machine to electrically measure heart functions

ventriculoscopy

looking at a heart ventricle with an endoscope

cardiologist

heart specialist

cardiology

medical specialty dealing with the heart

atrioseptoplasty

surgical repair of an atrial septum

cardiomyoplasty

surgical procedure that involves engaging the latissimus dorsi muscle to stimulate the heart

cardiorrhaphy

suturing of the wall of the heart

cardiotomy

incision into the HEART or incision into the cardia of the STOMACH

pericardiorrhaphy

suturing of the pericardium

pericardiotomy

incision into the pericardium

valvoplasty ; also valvuloplasty

surgical repair of a heart valve

valvotomy ; also valvulotomy

surgical removal of a blocked also valvulotomy by cutting into it

ventriculoplasty

surgical repair of the heart

atrial

adjectival form of atrium

cardiac

relating to the heart

cardiogenic

adjective describing something originating in the heart

ventricular

adjectival form of ventricle

ACV

acute cardiovascular [disease]

CA

cardiac arrest

CAD

coronary artery disease

CCU

cardiovascular care unit

CHD

cardiovascular heart disease

CIPS

cardiovascular imaging procedure

CRFS

cardiovascular risk factors

CSU

cardiovascular surgery unit

CT

cardiovascular technologist

CVICU

cardiovascular intensive care unit

CVIS

cardiovascular imaging systems

EKG or ECG

electrocardiogram; electrocardiograph; electrocardiography; cardiogram

MI

myocardial infarction

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