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Anemia

deficient number of red blood cells or deficient hemoglobin

Aneurysm

abnormal widening of arterial wall

Angina pectoris

severe chest pain

Angioplasty

procedure in which occluded vessel is opened

Arteriosclerosis

loss of elasticity in blood vessels (hardening)

Atherosclerosis

build up of lipids in blood vessels

Bradycardia

slow heart rhythm

Cardiomyopathy

disease of the myocardium

Congestive heart failure

heart fails to pump enough blood

Electrocardiogram

graphic record of heart's action potentials

Embolus

moving blood clot

Edema

swelling

Fibrillation

valves are not opening and closing as they should

Gangrene

tissue decay due to lack of blood supply; may lead to death of tissue

Hemophilia

any blood clotting disorders

Hemorrhage

bleeding from a blood vessel

Hypotension

low blood pressure

hypertension

high blood pressure

ischemia

reduced flow of blood to tissue, resulting in impaired cell function

mitral stenosis

narrowing of bicuspid; increases resistance of blood flow

mononucleosis

contagious viral infection of blood; spread through saliva

pacemaker

artificial device to give electrical conduction to atria

phlebitis

inflammation of a vein

rheumatic fever

inflammatory condition developing after bacterial infection; may cause valve/heart/kidney problems

shock

circulatory crisis marked by low blood pressure and inadequate peripheral blood flow

tachycardia

rapid heart rhythm

thrombocytopenia

abnormally low platelet count

thrombus

stationary blood clot

varicose veins

enlarged vein in which blood pools

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