contain fundamental flaws in reasoning
persuasive statements that convince people to adopt reasoning that the evidence does not support
forms of incorrect reasoning
fallacies of relevance
the premises simply fail to support the conclusion, they are besides the point.
fallacies of presumption
the argument rests on an unwarranted assumption causing the fallacy
fallacy of ambiguity
incorrect becauseof unclear and confusiong words, grammar, or sentance structure that leads to drawing an incorrect conclusion
invalid and unsound argument leads to drawing an incorrect conclusion
personal attack, occurs whenever there is an attack on another person (source of idea) instead of the person's argument (the idea itself).