Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
A conqueror, especially one of the 16th-century Spanish soldiers who defeated the Indian civilizations of Mexico, Central America, or Peru.
1491-1557, French navigator, first explorer of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and discoverer of the St. Lawrence River.
Samuel de Champlain
French explorer in Nova Scotia who established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec (1567-1635)
Cortés went (1504) first to Hispaniola and later (1511) accompanied Diego de Velázquez to Cuba.
system of tributory labor established in Spanish America.
Treaty of Tordesillas
1494, agreement signed at Tordesillas, Spain, by which Spain and Portugal divided the non-Christian world into two zones of influence.
Mayas, Incas, Aztecs
an ethnic minority speaking Mayan languages and living in Yucatan and adjacent areas A member of the group of Quechuan peoples of highland Peru who established an empire from northern Ecuador to central Chile before the Spanish conquest. a member of a Mexican Indian race who established a great empire, overthrown by the Spanish in the early 16th century
Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)
Spanish explorer who in 1513 crossed the Isthmus of Darien and became the first European to see the eastern shores of the Pacific Ocean (1475-1519)