AP Language Mrs. Jewell poetry test 2

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64 terms

Imagery

language that triggers the mind to recall and recombine images through words that appeal to the senses

Visual

sight

auditory

sound

olfactory

smell

gustatory

taste

tactile

touch

kinetic

refers to general motion

kinesthetic

refers to motions of animals and humans

figurative language (rhetorical figures)

expressions that conform to particular patterns, arrangements, and thoughts

metaphor

a direct relationship where one thing or idea substitutes for another

simile

an indirect relationship where one thing or idea is expressed as being like another

tenor

the tone of the poem

vehicle

means by which the tenor is conveyed

metaphorical language

compresses thought, promotes understanding, and shapes respnse

paradox

a device which is an apparent contradiction, but reveals an unexpected truth

apostrophe

dramatic device where the speaker addresses a real or imagined listener who isn't present

personification

where inanimate objects or abstract concepts are seemingly endowed with human self-awareness; where human thoughts, actions and perceptions are directly attributed to inanimate objects or abstract ideas

synecdoche

a device in which a part stands for the whole or the whole for the part

metonymy

the substitution of one thing for another that is closely related

synesthesia

mixing the senses; describing something using words you normally wouldn't

pun

word play

overstatement

hyperbole, a gross exaggeration for effect

understatement

the deliberate underplaying of words for emphasis

prosody

the study of sounds and rhythms in poetry

rhythm

the movement, rises and falls, and intensities in the flow of words, phrases, and sentences in poetry

meter

the number of feet in a line

foot

combination of one stressed and another unstressed syllable(s)

dimeter

2 metrical feet per line

trimeter

3

tetrameter

4

pentameter

5

hexameter

6

heptameter

7

octameter

8

iamb

one light stress followed by a heavy stress

trochee

heavy stress followed by a light stress

spondee

two successive, equally heavy stresses

pyrrhic

two unstressed syllables

anapest

two light stressed followed by a heavy

dactyl

one heavy stress followed by two light stresses

imperfect foot

a single syllable, light or heavy, by itself

amphibrach

light, heavy, light

amphimacer

heavy, light, heavy

bacchius

light, heavy, heavy

dipodic

combining two feet into one

accentual rhythm

all stressed syllables

caesura

the short or heavy pause separating cadence groups

end-stopped

when a caesura ends a line

cadence group

a rhythmic group of words spoken without pause

run-on or enjambment

a line with no punctuation at the end that runs over to the next line

assonance

repetition of identical vowel sounds in different words

alliteration

repetition of consonant sounds either at the beginning of words or consonant sounds which are similar within the words

onomatopoeia

blending of consonant and vowel sounds designed to imitate or suggest a situation or action

euphony

pleasant sounding words: words that flow smoothly together

cacophony

harsh sounding words

rhyme

the repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables

heavy stress rhyme

rhymes of monosyllabic words or polysyllabic words in which the final syllable is stressed

trochaic

double rhyme (two syllables in one word)

dactylic

triple rhyme (two 3-syllable words)

internal rhyme

one or more words rhyme within the line of poetry

exact rhyme

both vowel and consonant sounds match perfectly

slant rhyme

not exact rhyme; either vowel sounds or consonant sounds are the same

eye rhyme

words that look alike, but do not sound alike

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhyming sounds in a poem using alphabetical letters

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