Music appreciation final

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Questions start from last test to the very first test

An aspect of 20th century music that was a change from the past was that

"Classical" music was no longer the "popular" music for the general population.

Which composer was sometimes called an impressionist ?

Claude Debussy

Which is not a modernist approach to melody ?

use of long, sweeping , inspired melodies

the five-note scale playable on the black keys of the piano is called the______scale

pentatonic

The scale in which the octave is divided into six equal intervals, which are all whole steps , is the ____ scale.

whole-tone

the scale in which eight pitches are made to fit into the octave by alternating whole steps and half-steps is the ____scale.

octatonic

the composer who originated serialism was:

Arnold Schoenberg

Serialism was first referred to and defined as the:

the twelve tone system

Which is a form of the twelve- tone row ?

retrograde

In the early twentieth century, harmony:

became more dissonant

Atonal music (most important feature)

Lacks a definite tonal center

The composer of Couds is:

Claude Debussy

The composer of the Rite of Spring is:

Igor stravinsky

The rite of spring is a

ballet

The half -sung and half spoken vocal technique heard in "moonfleck" is:

sprechstimme

The composer of the " The rockstrewn hills join in the people's outdoor meeting" is:

Charles Ives

Who was not one of the leading first-phase avant -garde composers?

Gustav Mahler

What characterizes Debussy's use of tonal color?

he elevated its importance of that of melody, harmony, and form

Which does have anything to do with Clouds?

ballet

Stravinsky was unusual in the fact that he

composed in many different styles and genres

The major works of stravinsky's early period were:

Ballets

Which american musical style caught stravinsky's ear?

Jazz

The artistic movement that came about after WW1 and that signified a rejection of Expressionist emotionality and instead a return to the styles of earlier composers was:

Neoclassicsm

The premier of the right of spring was famous for

the riot by the audience

the events in the rite of spring involve:

primitive fertility rites

The leading expressionist composers were:

Arnold Schoenberg and Alban berg

Schoenberg, Webern, and Berg are often referred to as:

the second Viennese school

Berg's wozzeck

is an opera

The story in Berg's Wozzeck could be described as

dark and full of social commentary

Many consider Wozzeck to be

the ultimate expressionate opera.

in the DVD we saw Wozzeck, the singing was mostly

by a man

Arnold Schoenberg invented a method that guarantees that no one pitch in the chromatic scale is more important than the others. This method is called

The twelve - tone system

Which is not true of the compositional style of Charles Ives?

He used mostly consonant harmonies and steady, unchanging meters.

Music for strings, percussion, and celesta was composed by:

Bela Bartok

The study of folk music of non western is called:

ethnomusicology

which was not part of the musical career and importance of Bela Bartok?

Developing the serialist technique

Which is not true of Aaron Copland ?

Copland was a great avant garde innovator and was not interested in writing music "for the people"

Appalachian Spring is a

ballet about a pioneer celebration in Pennsylvania

Which is true of webern's five pieces for orchestra?

it is concise and atonal

The composer of poeme electronique is:

Edgard varese

Poeme electronique was composed for:

the world's fair in Brussels

The use of recorded sounds from life is called:

musique concrete

electronically produced sound can be generated by a:

synthesiser

in chance music, some component of the composition is:

Both determined by the performer and determined by "chance" during composition

4"33 consists of

any sounds and silence occurring in the performance hall.

Music in which simple melodies, motives, and harmonies are repeated many times over (over and over) is called:

minimalism

with which musical style are steve reich and john's adams associated ?

minimalism

Cultivated music can be defined as :

music brought to America(western are music) and consciously developed

Vernacular music can be defined as:

music that we sing and hear as naturally as our own language

Adding embellishments to a song , as well as using other means of variation in jazz, is called:

improvision

Which is not part of a rhythm section?

clarinet

In our brief history of jazz, the first step was

ragtime

The dates of the musical period "the 20th century" are :

1900 -present

Many 20th century composers wrote music we find difficult to listen to. They did this because

They wanted to make a statement or show a reaction to a certain event and they felt it was a natural progression form the romantic Period.

The particular music that we can say is definitely unique to america is

Jazz

One influence on the development o music in america was

that none of the early settlers were professional musicians

One of the greatest influences on American music is

the music of the african american slaves.

The center of the development of the american musical is and was

New York city (Broadway)

The lack and white excerpt we watched in class from an old television show featured a composition by

cage

the popular music you can hear on the radio today

has the same original foundation as "western art music"

The romantic period is from

1820-1900

which describes the emotional goal of music in the nineteenth century ?

a search for freedom of individual emotional expression

Which describes romantic composer's view of form?

romantic composers did not allow form to restrain spontaneous creativity, transforming forms as needed.

the romantic period is interesting in the fact that

so many famous composers were born in a short period of time

the romantic composers

enjoyed composing beautiful melodies, but also harmony for its own interesting sound.

the themes of romanticism included

fascination with the supernatural and the macabre and ideas associated with revolution.

the man who started a music magazine, the new music journal, to defend the music of the romantics against public indifference was:

robert schumann

Clara schumann was

a pianist and composer

compared to the classical orchestra , the typical romantic orchestra was:

larger and blended tone colors in new ways

the important new member of the romantic orchestra was the

conductor

the general term for music singing but derived from a poem, story , or other literary source is called.

program music

miniatures were usually written

voice and piano or piano alone

which is not an element of romantic grandiose compositions?

greater adherence to formal structure

the technique of having the same theme fragment reappear transformed, rather than just varied is:

thematic transformation

which is not an element in thematic unity in romantic music ?

using the same themes in several different symphonies

the composer of erlkonig

franz schubert

what does the piano part in the erlking bring to mind?

horse hooves

erlking is a:

miniature composition

the composer of eusebius and florestan is

robert schumann

eusebius and florestan are:

character pieces for piano

the composer of the fantastic symphony is:

hector berlioz

fantastic symphony

program symphony

in his fantastic, the composer uses a parody of a chant for the dead which is called:

dies irae

in the fantastic symphony , the idee fixe refers to

the composer's unattainable beloved

who was not a romantic composer ?

wolfgang amadeus mozart

who had the greatest influence on early romantic composers

ludwig van beethoven

which of the other arts had the greatest influence on the early romantic composers.

literature, including poetry

dicterliebe is an example of a :

song cycle

the nineteenth century german genre consisting of a musical setting of a short poem for voice and piano is the:

lied

which is not a true of lieder?

lieder generally appear in the of operas where plot action does not move quickly.

what are the two basic forms of lieder?

strophic and through composed

in the nineteenth century , what instrument was the most likely to be composed for and played as a solo instrument.

piano

which is not a character piece?

march to scaffold by berlioz

chopin was most noted for composing :

character pieces for piano

the composer ____ is generally regarded as the most famous flamboyant and greatest pianist of the romantic era

Franz Liszt

which is not true of fanny mendelssohn ?

her compositions were naturally widely admired during her lifetime because it was easy for women to be respected as composer during her lifetimes .

a concert overture is:

an overture that not connected to any following music, as an opera but does have a programmatic element.

one of the most successful composers of concert overtures was:

felix mendelsohn

a program symphony is a:

romantic symphony that is based on a program

verdi is associated with the opera of :

Italy

in italian opera the element of most importance is:

beautiful singing

the ending of aida

is rather solemn and sad

we watched as excerpt in class from

aida by verdi

wagner is associated with the opera of :

Germany

what were the two most important elements of wagner's operatic style ?

gesamtkunstwerk and leitmotiv

what did wagner cal his new style of opera in the 1850's ?

music drama

wagner was romantic period composer

of great influence, but controversial for some of his beliefs.

in Romeo and juliet the composer

of great influence, but controversial for some of his beliefs.

the composer of Romeo and Juliet is;

pytor ilyich thaikovsky (or chaikovsky)

the first section of pictures at an exhibition depicts:

people walking through an art gallery

An orchestral work composed in one movement with a free form and with a program is called a:

symphonic (tone) poem

in which category is a symphonic poem different from a program symphony?

the number of movements

in which category is a symphonic poem different from a concert overture?

form

which is not composed by chaikovsky ?

the bartered bride

what is characteristic of all nationalistic music?

the use of the folk music characteristic of each country

which of these countries produced romantic nationalistic music?

russia

they all rebelled against the idea of nationalism in russia, in favor of amore international style

they all rebelled against the idea of nationalism in russia , in favor of a more international style

which important late romantic composer responded to the unbridled emotionalism of romanticism with a return to more conservative viennese classicism

johannes brahms

which late romantic composer responded to unbridled excess in the late romanticism with a bittersweet nostalgia for lost innocence, but still used huge orchestras and unusual, creative orchestration ?

Gustav mahler

the romantic period composers best known for brilliant and creative orchestrations are:

berlioz and mahler

the text of the romantic period lied that the class read out loud was :

the erlking

as we moved through the different periods in music history we have seen

an increase in personal expression of emotion.

there are not many important women in history of wester art music. The romantic period had ___?

two

in general, romantic period operas had very happy endings

tragic , sad endings

the romantic period has left us with music that

has beautiful melodies and exciting orchestration

the classical style developed principally in:

vienna

the intellectual and philosophical movement called the enlightenment was characterized by:

a newborn concern for problems of public morality, the promotion of universal education an adherence of social injustice

music during the enlightenment was meant to:

have pleasing variety and natural simplicity : entertain

rousseau desired

simple characters singing natural music in opera

the rise of public concerts gave special impetus to the creation of :

orchestral music

the eighteenth -century public concert included principally

symphonies and concertos

which is not true of Viennese classical music ?

the basic classical orchestra had fewer instruments than the basic Baroque themes

which is true of the use of dynamics in the classical era?

dynamics were specifically notated and more varied; gradual dynamic changes and greater extremes were used

the predominant texture of classical music is:

homophony

which does not describe the classical composer's approach to harmony ?

composers used figured bass to specify the desired harmony.

How might a classical composer help listeners become familiar with a theme in a composition ?

by repeating it right away

francesca lebrun was

a famous opera star and composer in the classical period

Which is not one of the standard classical forms

de capo form

mozarts compositional process was:

nothing short of miraculous as he seemed to have complete compositions flow from him

the composer of sympthony no.40 is?

wolfgang amadeus mozart

the first symphony no.40, by mozart, is in _____form

sonata

the composer of symohony no. 95 is

franz joseph haydn

the following composer worked for the esterhazy family for nearly 30 years

haydn

the major instrumental genre developed by classical symphonies is generally:

a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies.

the second movement in most classical symphonies is generally:

a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies

the third movement in most classical symphonies is generally

a slow movement with beautiful, relaxing melodies

the last movement in most classical symphonies is generally:

the fastest, lightest movement, often a rondo or sonata form

another name for an A B A for with an exposition, a development , and a recapitulation is ____ form

sonata

in the ___ sonata form, there is a single modulation away from the tonic key

exposition

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