Culture Vocabulary

34 terms by kellyrh414 

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world geo

Acculturation

the process that occurs when contact between two cultures results in substantial change in the culture of the individual members of one or both groups

beliefs

ideas or theories about the natural or supernatural world that are not supported by objective or factual evidence

civlization

an urbanized society with a large very complex social organization; common attributes of civilizations include: Specialized division of labor, Long-distance trade, Tribute and taxation, Advances in record keeping, Science and mathematics, Some form of written money, Monumental public architecture

Clan

a kinship group based on descent through either males or females. Clan members frequently live and work together and believe they are descendants from a common ancestor

cultural geogrpahy

the study of people and their ways of life (human geography)

cultural landscape

the forms and artifacts sequentially placed on the physical landscape by the activities of avarious human occupants

cultrual region

and area of land whre most people have enough in common to be considered a group

cultural trait

a single element of a normal practice ina culture, such as the wearing of a turban

culture

the total way of life of a group of people, including their beliefs, instituitions, and technology

culture hearth

a place in which important ideas begin and thereafter spread to surrounding cultures

custom

a practice from the past that people continue to observe

dialect

a local variation of a language

diffusion

the process of accepting, borrowing, and exhchanging traits from one society ot another, the spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture elemtent

diverstiy

wide variations on features

enculturation

the slow and day-to-day process of learning your group's culture as an infant and a child.

ethnic goup

a group of people who share a language,history, or place of origin; a large group of people who have more in common with eachother than they do with other peoples

ethnocentrism

regarding one's own culture as being superior to others and judging other cultures from the perspective of your own culture

extended family

a household that includes not only parents and children, but also other relatives such as grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins

folkways

traditional social customs

gender roles

the pattern of behavior texpected of males and females in a society

laws

standardized and formalized norms that regulate conduct

material culture

the object part of culture; all things that people make or build with natural or human made resources; it includes food, clothing, architecture, artrs, crafts, technology, ect.

monotheism

belief in one god

mores

social norms that provde the moral standars of a group or society and that are stricly enforced

non-material culture

the idea part of culture wich includes religion, language, spiritual beliefs, superstitions, values, ways of viewing or behahing in the world

norm

a rule or standard that defines what people should or should not do, think, or feel in any given social situation

polygamy

the marriage of a person ot more than one wife or husband

polytheism

belief in many gods

race

within a single species, a group of living creatures sharing the same appearance or genetic characteristics. the concept of race among humans is more complicatied and includes socail and cultural, as well as biological assessment

religion

beliefs and practices regarding supernatural beings, power, and forces

socialization

the process by which the accepted values, rules and ways of operating a society are passed on to the young

subculture

the attitudes, beliefs, values, and behavioral habits shared by a group of people within a society, which differ from those of the society as a whole.

technology

the methods, tools, and machinery that humans have developed

value

an idea about what is good, right, wise or beneficial

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