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the study of human life and culture

anthropology

Persian provinces

satrapies

ruler who built the temple in Jerusalem

King Solomon

tools, paintings, pottery, weapons

artifacts

first metal to be used in tools

copper

early human history, approximately 2,500,00 to 10,000 BCE

Paleolithic Age

made farming in ancient Mesopotamia possible

irrigation and drainage ditches

humans and other creatures that walk upright

hominid

collection of laws devised in ancient Babylon

Code of Hammurabi

traders who lived in a narrow strip of land along the Mediterranean coast

Phoenicians

migrating groups who domesticated animals for food

pastoral nomads

Sumerian writing system

cuneiform

the keeping of animals and the growing of food

systematic agriculture

king who extended the Persian Empire to India

Darius

Persian religion

Zoroastrianism

The real change in the Neolithic Revolution was the...
A. shift from hunting and gathering to systematic agriculture
B. discovery of new caves
C. development of bowls and spoons
D. movement away from eating just fruits and grains to eating meat

A. shift from hunting and gathering to systematic agriculture

The ability to acquire food on a regular basis meant humans...
A. had less control over their environment
B. could use animals as pets
C. could use fire to cook their food
D. could give up their nomadic ways of life and begin to live in settled communities

D. could give up their nomadic ways of life and begin to live in settled communities

The Immortals were professional cavalry and infantry forces...
A. that protected the wives of King Artaxerxes
B. that wrote the Zend Avesta
C. that numbered at least ten thousand soldiers
D. that defeated Alexander the Great

C. that numbered at least ten thousand soldiers

A theocracy is a government in which...
A. a council of elders makes all the laws
B. leaders rule by divine authority
C. only women could rule
D. the military ruled the people

B. leaders rule by divine authority

____ is the period before writing was developed
A. Ancient times
B. Prehistory
C. Archaeology
D. The Neolithic Age

B. Prehistory

What are the "ten lost tribes?"
A. ten cities
B. Egyptian traders
C. scattered Israelite tribes
D. the "Sea Peoples"

C. scattered Israelite tribes

Unlike the leaders of other religions of the time, Jewish prophets...
A. could not claim they alone knew the will of God, wince the Jewish teachings were written down for anyone to read
B. often gave up their beliefs ad adopted the religion of their conquerors
C. were believed to be directly descended from God, and therefor almost gods themselves
D. were required to burn the sacred texts after they read them

A. could not claim they alone knew the will of God, wince the Jewish teachings were written down for anyone to read

The king of the Chaldeans who rebuilt Babylon was...
A. Nebuchadnezzar
B. Ahuramazda
C. Darius
D. Cyrus

A. Nebuchadnezzar

Paleolithic peoples were nomads because they had no choice by to...
A. move on after they had depleted the land
B. flee from the woolly mammoth
C. escape the pollution they caused
D. follow animal migrations and vegetation cycles

D. follow animal migrations and vegetation cycles

Which leader of the Persian Empire extended it to become the largest empire the world had yet seen?
A. Marc Antony
B. Darius
C. Nebuchadnezzar
D. Moses

B. Darius

Because trade brought new civilizations into contacts with one another...
A. early river valley civilizations developed independently
B. rulers claimed their power was based on divine approval
C. it often led to the transfer of new technology
D. painting and sculpture developed

C. it often led to the transfer of new technology

The religion of Judaism differed from the other religions of the time in that it...
A. was polytheistic, meaning its followers believed in many gods, whereas other religions were monotheistic, meaning their followers believed in one God
B. was monotheistic, meaning its followers believed in one God, whereas other religions were polytheistic, meaning their followers believed in many gods
C. had no sacred texts or books
D. was the first religion to set down laws by which the people were to live their daily lives

B. was monotheistic, meaning its followers believed in one God, whereas other religions were polytheistic, meaning their followers believed in many gods

Around 2340 BC, Sargon, the leader of the Akkadians, ...
A. overran Paris, the largest city in the world at that time
B. established the world's first city-states and led by divine authority
C. overran the Sumerian city-states and set up the first empire in world history
D. choked to death on a piece of beef

C. overran the Sumerian city-states and set up the first empire in world history

Which of the following elements contributed to the efficient system of communication that was crucial to sustaining the Persian Empire?
A. trained dogs that carried messages to the king from as far as five hundred miles away
B. an alphabet that was made up of 22 letters that represented the sounds of speech
C. a complicated series of smoke signals
D. well-maintained roads and way stations that provided food, shelter, and fresh horses for the king's messengers

D. well-maintained roads and way stations that provided food, shelter, and fresh horses for the king's messengers

The Assyrians were especially known for...
A. being kind to animals
B. being wide-ranging pastoral nomads
C. establishing a monotheistic religion
D. committing atrocities on their captives

D. committing atrocities on their captives

Early urban civilizations all developed religions primarily...
A. to keep accurate records
B. to make laws and regulate lives
C. to portray gods and goddesses or natural forces
D. to explain the working of the forces of nature and the fact of existence

D. to explain the working of the forces of nature and the fact of existence

Anthropology is the study of...
A. the light given off by electrons
B. ancient texts
C. human life and culture
D. past societies

C

The term for a large political unit or state, usually under a single leader, controlling many peoples and territories is...
A. stylus
B. Gilgamesh
C. empire
D. system of justice

C

Cyrus the Great showed such wisdom and compassion when he conquered Babylon that...
A. he was worshipped as a god
B. he was executed
C. he conquered Africa
D. everyone accepted him as ruler

D

The Hittite Empire was destroyed by...
A. the Sea Peoples
B. the Assyrians
C. the Indo-Europeans
D. the Israelites

A

All human beings today belong to the ____ subspecies of human being.
A. homo sapiens sapiens
B. Neanderthal
C. australopithecines
D. ordinary

A.

Ancient Israel was at the height of its power under which king?
A. King Solomon
B. King Saul
C. King Judah
D. King Ahab

A

By the time of Darius, the Perisan kings had created...
A. a standing army known as the Immortals because their numbers were never allowed to fall below ten thousand
B. hundreds of varieties of the game of checkers
C. such high taxes that loyalty to the empire began to decline
D. so man assassination plots that the empire was weakened, leading to conquest by Genghis Khan

A.

Historians have identified the basic characteristics of civilizations as...
A. vehicles, use of fire, nomadic lifestyle, hunting and gathering, and technology
B. use of metals, weapons, houses, food, religion, and art
C. cities, governments, religion, social structure, writing, and art
D. villages, temples, trade, tools, use of fire, and armies

C

The first empire in world history was the ___ Empire.
A. Eskimo
B. British
C. Akkadian
D. Sumerian

C

The study of past societies through an analysis of what people have left behind is...
A. archaeology
B. fossil analysis
C. radio carbon dating
D. history

A

The Sumerians invented all of the following technologies EXCEPT...
A. watch
B. sundial
C. math system based on 60
D. the wagon wheel

A

The movement of early hominids from the tropics to colder regions was aided by the use of...
A. horses
B. fire
C. weapons
D. tools

B

The Jews believed God

...

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