Ch. 9 and ch. 10 history exam

22 terms by kpfrazier

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era of good feelings

a newspaper term used to describe the two terms of President James Monroe. during this period, ther was only one major political party, the democratic-republicans; it was therefore assumed that political discord had evaporated.

acquisition of florida

(JMon) Jackson gets Spain, praised by Adams and Monroe, not by Senate or House

ultimatum

a final peremptory demand

monroe doctrine

an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers

clays american system

developing transportation systems and other internal improvements, establishing a protective tariff and resurrecting the national bank

james monroe

5th president, begins expansionism including Florida and Missouri, as well as reigning over the Era of Good Feelings

John quincy adams

Secretary of State, He served as sixth president under Monroe. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work.

John c calhoun

South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification

henry clay

United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)

industrial revolution

the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation

textiles

cloth

cotton gin

a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers

missouri compromise of 1820

this agreement of 1820 allowed all new states north of the line to enter the union as free staes;it would keep an even balance of power in the senate-12 free states and 12 slave states . The boundary line would be parallel 36-30, a line running west from the southern boundary of Missouri.

election of 1824

No one won a majority of electoral votes, so the House of Representatives had to decide among Adams, Jackson, and Clay. Clay dropped out and urged his supporters in the House to throw their votes behind Adams. Jackson and his followers were furious and accused Adams and Clay of a "corrupt bargain."

national republicans

supporters of a strong central government who favored road building and supported the Bank of the United States to shape the nation's economy; many were farmers or merchants

national republicans

supporters of a strong central government who favored road building and supported the Bank of the United States to shape the nation's economy; many were farmers or merchants

samuel slater

He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made our first cotton spinning machine.

eli whitney

United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)

king cotton

cotton and cotton-growing considered, in the pre-Civil War South, as a vital commodity, the major factor not only in the economy but also in politics.

36 30

line above which all future bondage was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase

corrupt bargain

In the election of 1824, none of the candidates were able to secure a majority of the electoral vote, thereby putting the outcome in the hands of the House of Representatives, which elected John Quincy Adams over rival Andrew Jackson. Henry Clay was the Speaker of the House at the time, and he convinced Congress to elect Adams. Adams then made Clay his Secretary of State.

democrats

The largest political party in Sweden, who pushed for social reform legislation, and drew support from community and socialist and capitalist working together.

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