← SOC 101 FINAL EXAM Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Operational definitions
- Schools as bureaucracies
- 1. HOMOGAMY: The selection of a mate with personal and social characteristics similar to ones own.
2. HETEROGAMY: Theory of Complimentary needs- The selection of a mate with social characteristics different than ones own.
3. Sociobiology: The more attractive phenotype will contribute more offspring to the population so their alleles will increase the likelyhood in the gene pool.
4. Matching Hypothesis: The idea that males and females of approximately equal physical attractiveness are likely to select each other as partners.
- a 4 Mate Selection Theories
- b An economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and goods and services are distributed competitively for profit.
- c A definition that specifies how a concept is measured.
- d perpetuates social inequities, hidden curriculum (learning values that keep the elite elite), and credentialism (requiring more education)
- e The scientific study of the size, composition, distribution, and changes in human population.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Viewing all cultural practices as being equally valid and worthy of respect.
EX:in its most extreme form it would treat even the most severe social pathologies, such as Nazi gas chambers and apartheid in South Africa, as legitimate cultural practices.
- Combines central elements of capitalism and socialism and allows private ownership and free enterprise to compete with businesses, industries, and services owned and operated by the state.
- Groups that share many elements of mainstream culture but maintain their own distinctive customs, values, norms, and lifestyles.
- The ability to affect the behavior of others through persuasion, rewards, inducements, and appeals to reason.
- A process in which minority groups lose their distinctive identities and conform to cultural patterns of the dominant group.
Example: The part in Outliners when Korea were forced to be trained to communicate in English because collectivist culture communicate differently to people in authority.
5 True/False Questions
AUTHORITY → The extent of reproduction in a society.
increase in cohabition, increase age of marriage, increase age of children, increase in same sex marriage, increase in step familys, increase in single mom home → Changes in the family
socialism → An economic system in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state and goods and services are distributed as a cooperative enterprise without regard to personal profit.
NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENT → Religions created on a whim by throwing around ideas. Ex. Kaballah.
Prompt ENDOGAMY are norms that require people to find mates within a specific group or social category. WHERE AS EXOGAMY- is a norm that requires people to find marriage partners outside their own group or social category.
Societies that need to gain access to scarce goods or social and political networks beyond their immediate borders often practice exogamy, which is a norm that requires people to find marriage partners outside their own group or social category. Societies that wish to retain power, prestige, or property within groups usually take the opposite approach, establishing norms that require people to find mates within a specific group or social category, a pattern called endogamy. Because of social stratification, most societies exert strong pressures to marry within ones class as well as Families racial, ethnic, and religious group. In the United States, exogamy continues to be rare for African Americans because of socially constructed boundaries between black and white Americans. Low socioeconomic status and geo-graphic concentration help perpetuate endogamy among Cajuns in Louisiana as well. → a weak, convenient, and socially approved target. If people cannot pinpoint the source of their problems, or if they discover the source is too powerful to challenge, they may direct their anger at a scapegoat. Historically, scapegoats (usually minorities) have shouldered the blame and have paid terrible penalties for causing society ills.
For example: __________