CONSTITUTION TEST STUDY GUIDE

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The U.S. has a _________________ democracy. This means a democracy in which the citizens elect others to govern.

represenative

_______________ is the power or authority that rules a country.

Government

_______ are rules of conduct that citizens must follow.

Laws

A __________________ is a person acting on behalf of others.

represenative

Our nation consists of people from a variety of backgrounds, etnicities, and race. The phrase "E Pluribus Unum" means "____________________________." Our nation started with many different people and eventually came together came together as one.

Out of many, one

There are two different ways to become a U.S. citizens:
____________-someone is born in the U.S. or on American soil
____________-someone wmigrates to this country and goes through the five year process to become a a naturalized citizen.

birth
naturalization

The U.S. has one of the oldest ____________________ in the world.

democracies

_________________ __________________ is the idea that people should have the right to rule themselves.

Popular Sovereignty

There are different levels of government. The one with the highest authority is the ___________ or ___________ government.

national
federal

The Constitutional Convention, held in Philadelphia in 1787, was originally called to revise the _____________ _____ ___________________. When it became apparent that the Articles had too many weaknesses to be revised, the delegates decided to write a new constitution for the country.

Articles of Confederation

The Constitution was signed on _____________________________.

September 17, 1787

The three parts to the Constitution are:
1. __________________
2. __________________
3. __________________

preamble
articles
amendments

The U.S. Constitution has _____ articles and ______ amendments.

7
27

The first ten amendments to the Constution are called the _______ ___ ______________.

Bill of
Rights

The freedoms included in the Bill of Rights in the First Amenment.
1. _____________
2. _____________
3. _____________
4. _____________
5. _____________

Press
Religion
Petition
Assembly
Speech

The three branches of government are:
1. _____________ Branch (makes the laws)
2. _____________ Branch (carries out the laws)
3. _____________ Branch (interprets the laws; makes sure the laws are fair)

Legislative
Executive
Judicial

The system of ________ ____ _________ ensures that each branch of government is able to check or limit the power of the other branches.

checks and balances

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