8th grade English grammar exam study guide

11 terms by dastrom 

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Subject Complements

Follows a linking Verb and defines, renames, or describes the subject of a sentence. Without a ________________, a sentence with a linking verb does not express a complete thought.

Example-
Jennifer Rodriguez is a speed skater.

Rodriguez feels lucky.

Predicate Nominative/ Predicate Adjective

There are two kinds of subject complements.
______________ is a noun or pronoun that identifies the subject.
______________ is an adjective that modifies, or describes, the subject.

Examples-
Two of speed skaters biggest fans are Andres and I.

Rodriguez's father is Cuban American.

Direct object/ Indirect object

_____________ is a noun, pronoun, or group of words that tells who or what recieves the action of the verb. Ask whom? or what? after the action verb.
_____________ is noun, pronoun, or group of words that tells to what? Or to whom? an action verb is done.

Examples-

They played key roles in many battles.

The men gave the map a quick look.

Complements in Sentences

Follow linking verbs.
______________ is a word or group of words that identifies or describes the subject.

Sentences

________________ is a group of words that have a subject, verb, and expresses a complete thought.

Example-
My cat makes a noise.

Sentence fragment

_________________ is a group of words that is punctuated as if it was a complete sentence but that does not contain both a subject and a verb or does not express a complete thought.

Example-

As it fell though the air ninety feet away.

Transitive and Intransitive verbs

when there is a direct object, we call the action verb ______________, when the action verb does act on a direct object, we call the action verb ______________.

Examples-

When will Neil ring the bell.

Last Saturday we stayed inside.

Run-on Sentences

A _________________ is a made up of two or more sentences that are incorrectly run together as a single sentence.

Examples-

Schools in Middle Ages were different from ours students usually did not have books.

Adverbs modifying Adjectives

any word that tells the quantity or importance of words that describe something

Examples-

Beth did an exceptionally fine job

Prepositional phrases

A ___________________ is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun.

Examples-

next to Jorge

of a good book

for all of them

Object of the preposition

THE___________ IS A NOUN OR PRONOUN THAT COMES AT THE END OF A PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE.

Examples-

Clarice went to the ballet.

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