Name the political center that served as the focal point for the Russian liberation from the Mongols.
Duchy of Moscow
Name the Russian ruler that was a large part of Russia freed from Mongol control in the 15th century.
Ivan III, he was a tax collector - refused to pay tribute to the Mongols.
Name the government that Ivan the Great claims to have succeeded as the "Third Rome".
Peasants, adventurers, Russian pioneers. Peasants were recruited to migrate to newly-seized lands in the Byzantine Empire.
Following the death of Ivan IV, explain the Time of Troubles.
Russian boyars attempted to limit tsarist autocracy and gain new governing rights for themselves. Sweden and Poland attack Russian territory.
Name the tsar responsible for the abolition of the assemblies of the nobles and reform of the Orthodox Church.
Explain the political aspects of Western culture that Peter the Great emulated in Russia.
Streamlined bureaucracy - recruited from outside aristocratic rank, giving the noble titles to reward service.
Recognized military - imitated Western military organization. Secret police supervised bureaucracy.
Explain who the Old Believers were.
Dissident religious conservatives. They refused to accept tsarist reforms of the Orthodox Church and were exiled to Siberia for their conservatism. They maintained their religion & extended Russia's colonizing activities.
Name the sea that became critical in the development of Russian power during the reign of Peter the Great.
Name the industries where Peter the Great's program of economic development was concentrated.
Metallurgical industries (shipbuilding)
Serf labor was used to staff new manufacturing which gave the economic means to maintain a substantial military presence for 2 centuries.
Did NOT urbanize extensively or develop a large commercial class.
Name the radical who urged the abolition of serfdom during the reign of Catherine the Great.
Name the areas that were colonized or claimed by the Russian empire during the reign of Catherine the Great.
Parts of Siberia, Poland, The Pacific coast of North America as far south as modern California, Alaska. Resumed campaigns against the Ottomans, winning new territories in central Asia including Crimea.
Name the countries that participated in the successive partitions of Poland.
Poland, Russia, Prussia, Austria
Explain what Pugachev did in the 1770s.
Led the Russian peasant rebellion to end serfdom , taxation, conscription and abolish the landed aristocracy.
List the primary limitations on the expansion of the agricultural economy.
lack of technological improvement