Unit 3&4 Vocab Douet

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123 terms

abridge

(v.) to make shorter

abridges

Travel by air _____________ the time needed to reach far-distant places.

abridge

SYNONYMS: shorten, condense, abbreviate
ANTONYMS: expand, enlarge, augment

adherent

(n.) a follower, supporter; (adj.) attached, sticking to

adherents

The senator's loyal _______________ campaigned long and hard for her reelection.

adherent

Before we could repaint the walls of our living room, we had to remove an ________________ layer of wallpaper.

adherent

SYNONYM: (n.) disciple
ANTONYMS: (n.) opponent, adversary, critic, detractor

altercation

(n.) an angry argument

altercation

A noisy ________________ in the next apartment kept me awake for hours.

altercation

SYNONYMS: quarrel, dispute, squabble
ANTONYMS: agreement, accord

cherubic

(adj.) resembling an angel portrayed as a little child with a beautiful, round, or chubby face; sweet and innocent

cherubic

How well those photographs of the month-old twins capture the _______________ expressions on their faces!

cherubic

SYNONYMS: angelic, seraphic, beatific
ANTONYMS: impish, devilish, diabolic, fiendish

condone

(v.) to pardon or overlook

condone

Our parents have always made it crystal clear to us that they do not _______________ rude behavior.

condone

SYNONYMS: ignore, wink at, turn a blind eye to
ANTONYMS: censure, condemn, disapprove, deprecate

dissent

(v.) to disagree; (n.) disagreement

dissent

Justices have an option to ______________ from a ruling issued by a majority of the Supreme Court.

dissent

Some people give voice to their ______________ on issues of public policy by writing letters to newspapers.

eminent

(adj.) famous, outstanding, distinguished; projecting

eminent

A group of _____________ scientists met to discuss long-term changes in Earth's climate.

eminent

SYNONYMS: illustrious, renowned
ANTONYMS: obscure, nameless, unsung, lowly, humble

exorcise

(v.) to drive out by magic; to dispose of something troublesome, menacing, or oppressive

exorcise

We must do all we can to ______________ the evils of hatred and prejudice from our society.

exorcise

SYNONYMS: expel, dispel

fabricate

(v.) to make, manufacture; to make up, invent

fabricate

Threads from the cocoons of caterpillars called silkworms are used to _______________ silk.

fabricate

SYNONYMS: put together, devise, contrive, concoct
ANTONYMS: take apart, undo, destroy, demolish

irate

(adj.) angry

irate

Long delays caused by bad weather are likely to make even the most unflappable travelers _____________.

irate

SYNONYMS: incensed, infuriated, enraged, livid
ANTONYMS: calm, composed, cool, unruffled

marauder

(n.) a raider, plunderer

marauder

Edgar Allen Poe's story "The Gold Bug" concerns treasure buried by the ______________ Captain Kidd.

marauder

SYNONYMS: looter, pirate, freebooter

obesity

(n.) excessive fatness

obesity

Sooner or later, ______________ leads to all sorts of serious health problems.

obesity

SYNONYMS: serious overweight, extreme corpulence
ANTONYMS: emaciation, gauntness, scrawniness

pauper

(n.) an extremely poor person

paupers

During the Great Depression, many people were reduced to leading the desperate lives of _______________.

pauper

SYNONYM: destitute person
ANTONYMS: millionaire, tycoon

pilfer

(v.) to steal in small quantities

pilfers

An employee who ______________ from the petty cash box will get caught sooner or later.

pilfer

SYNONYMS: filch, rob, swipe, purloin

rift

(n.) a split, break, breach

rift

Failure to repay a loan can be the cause of an angry _____________ between longtime friends.

rift

SYNONYMS: crack, fissure, gap, cleft
ANTONYM: reconciliation

semblance

(n.) a likeness; an outward appearance; an apparition

semblance

Despite a bad case of stage fright, I tried to maintain a _______________ of calm as I sang my solo.

semblance

SYNONYMS: appearance, air, aura, veneer, facade
ANTONYMS: dissimilarity, contrast, total lack

surmount

(v.) to overcome, rise above

surmounted

Wilma Rudolph ________________ childhood illness and physical disabilities to win three Olympic gold medals.

surmount

SYNONYMS: conquer, triumph over
ANTONYMS: be vanquished, be defeated, succumb to

terminate

(v.) to bring to an end

terminate

If you fail to perform your job satisfactorily, your boss may ________________ your employment.

terminate

SYNONYMS: conclude, finish, discontinue
ANTONYMS: begin, commence, initiate

trite

(adj.) commonplace; overused, stale

trite

When you write an essay or a story, be especially careful to avoid using ______________ expressions.

trite

SYNONYMS: banal, hackneyed, corny
ANTONYMS: original, novel, fresh, innovative

usurp

(v.) to seize and hold a position by force or without right

usurped

The general who led the coup _______________ the office of the duly elected president.

usurp

SYNONYMS: seize illegally, commandeer, supplant

abscond

(v.) to run off and hide

absconded

The thieves who _______________ with several of the museum's most valuable paintings have never been found.

abscond

SYNONYMS: bolt, make off, skip town

access

(n.) approach or admittance to places, persons, things; an increase; (v.) to get at, obtain

Access

_________________ to information on a seemingly unlimited number of topics is available over the Internet.

access

You need a password in order to ________________ your e-mail accounts.

access

SYNONYMS: (n.) entry, admittance, entrée
ANTONYM: (n.) total exclusion

anarchy

(n.) a lack of government and law; confusion

anarchy

In the final days of a war, civilians may find themselves living in _________________.

anarchy

SYNONYMS: chaos, disorder, turmoil, pandemonium
ANTONYMS: law and order, peace and quiet

arduous

(adj.) hard to do, requiring much effort

arduous

No matter how carefully you plan for it, moving to a new home is an _______________ chore.

arduous

SYNONYMS: hard, difficult, laborious, fatiguing
ANTONYMS: easy, simple, effortless

auspicious

(adj.) favorable; fortunate

auspicious

My parents describe the day that they first met as a most ________________ occasion.

auspicious

SYNONYMS: promising, encouraging, propitious
ANTONYMS: ill-omened, ominous, sinister

biased

(adj.) favoring one side unduly; prejudiced

biased

Athletes in certain sports may complain that judges are ______________ toward particular competitors.

biased

SYNONYMS: unfair, partial, bigoted
ANTONYMS: fair, impartial, unprejudiced, just

daunt

(v.) to overcome with fear, intimidate; to dishearten, discourage

daunt

Despite all its inherent dangers, space flight did not _______________ the Mercury program astronauts.

daunt

SYNONYMS: dismay, cow
ANTONYMS: encourage, embolden, reassure

disentangle

(v.) to free from tangles or complications

disentangle

Rescuers worked for hours to ________________ a whale from the fishing net wrapped around its jaws.

disentangle

SYNONYMS: unravel, unwind, unscramble, unsnarl
ANTONYMS: tangle up, ensnarl, snag

fated

(adj.) determined in advance by destiny or fortune

fated

The tragic outcome of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet is ________________ from the play's very first scene.

fated

SYNONYMS: destined, preordained, doomed
ANTONYMS: accidental, fortuitous, chance, random

hoodwink

(v.) to mislead by a trick, deceive

hoodwink

Many sweepstakes offers ______________ people into thinking they have already won big prizes.

hoodwink

SYNONYMS: dupe, put one over on
ANTONYMS: undeceive, disabuse, clue in

inanimate

(adj.) not having life; without energy or spirit

inanimate

Although fossils are ______________, they hold many clues to life on Earth millions of years ago.

inanimate

SYNONYMS: lifeless, dead, inert, spiritless
ANTONYMS: living, alive, energetic, lively, sprightly

incinerate

(v.) to burn to ashes

incinerate

Because of environmental concerns, many cities and towns no longer _______________ their garbage.

incinerate

SYNONYMS: burn up, cremate, reduce to ashes

intrepid

(adj.) very brave, fearless, unshakable

Intrepid

_______________ Polynesian sailors in outrigger canoes were the first humans to reach the Hawaiian Islands.

intrepid

SYNONYMS: valiant, courageous, audacious, daring
ANTONYMS: timid, cowardly, craven, pusillanimous

larceny

(n.) theft

larceny

Someone who steals property that is worth thousands of dollars commits grand ______________.

larceny

SYNONYMS: stealing, robbery, burglary

pliant

(adj.) bending readily; easily influenced

pliant

The ______________ branches of the sapling sagged but did not break under the weight of the heavy snow.

pliant

SYNONYMS: supple, flexible, elastic, plastic
ANTONYMS: rigid, stiff, inflexible, set in stone

pompous

(adj.) overly self-important in speech and manner; excessively stately or ceremonious

pompous

Political cartoonists like nothing better than to mock ______________ public officials.

pompous

SYNONYMS: pretentious, highfalutin, bombastic
ANTONYMS: unpretentious, unaffected, plain

precipice

(n.) a very steep cliff; the brink or edge of disaster

precipice

During the Cuban missile crisis, the world hovered on the ________________ of nuclear war.

precipice

SYNONYMS: cliff, crag, bluff, promontory, ledge
ANTONYMS: abyss, chasm, gorge

rectify

(v.) to make right, correct

rectify

The senators debated a series of measures designed to _______________ the nation's trade imbalance.

rectify

SYNONYMS: remedy, set right
ANTONYMS: mess up, botch, bungle

reprieve

(n.) a temporary relief or delay; (v.) to grant a postponement

reprieve

A vacation is a kind of ______________ from the cares and responsibilities of everyday life.

reprieve

A judge may ______________ a first-time offender from jail time until sentencing.

reprieve

SYNONYMS: (n.) stay, respite; (v.) postpone, delay
ANTONYM: (v.) proceed

revile

(v.) to attack with words, call bad names

reviles

The enraged King Lear ______________ the daughter who have cast him out into a fierce storm.

revile

SYNONYMS: inveigh against, malign, vilify, denounce
ANTONYMS: praise, acclaim, revere, idolize

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