Criminal Law - Book 2 - Titles

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TITLE I. CRIMES AGAINST NATIONAL
SECURITY AND THE LAW OF NATIONS

Crimes against National Security:

1. Treason (Art. 114);

2. Conspiracy and proposal to commit treason (Art. 115);

3. Misprision of treason (Art. 116); and

4. Espionage (Art. 117).

Crimes against the Law of Nations:

1. Inciting to war or giving motives for reprisals (Art. 118);

2. Violation of neutrality (Art. 119);

3. Corresponding with hostile country (Art. 120);

4. Flight to enemy's country (Art. 121); and

5. Piracy in general and mutiny on the
high seas (Art. 122).

TITLE II. CRIMES AGAINST THE
FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE

Crimes against the Fundamental Laws of the
State:

1. Arbitrary detention (Art. 124);

2. Delay in the delivery of detained persons to the proper judicial authorities (Art. 125);

3. Delaying release (Art. 126);

4. Expulsion (Art. 127);

5. Violation of domicile (Art. 128);

6. Search warrants maliciously obtained and abuse in the service of those legally obtained (Art. 129);

7. Searching domicile without witnesses (Art. 130);

8. Prohibition, interruption, and dissolution of peaceful meetings (Art. 131);

9. Interruption of religious worship (Art. 132); and

10. Offending the religious feelings (Art. 133).

TITLE III. CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC
ORDER

Crimes against Public Order:

1. Rebellion or insurrection (Art. 134);

2. Conspiracy and proposal to commit rebellion (Art. 136);

3. Disloyalty to public officers or employees (Art. 137);

4. Inciting to rebellion (Art. 138);

5. Sedition (Art. 139);

6. Conspiracy to commit sedition (Art. 141);

7. Inciting to sedition (Art. 142);

8. Acts tending to prevent the meeting of Congress and similar bodies (Art. 143);

9. Disturbance of proceedings of Congress or similar bodies (Art. 144);

10. Violation of parliamentary immunity (Art. 145);

11. Illegal assemblies (Art. 146);

12. Illegal associations (Art. 147);

13. Direct assaults (Art. 148);

14. Indirect assaults (Art. 149);

15. Disobedience to summons issued by Congress, its committees, etc., by the constitutional commissions, its committees, etc. (Art. 150);

16. Resistance and disobedience to a person in authority or the agents of such person (Art. 151);

17. Tumults and other disturbances of public order (Art. 153);

18. Unlawful use of means of publication and unlawful utterances (Art. 154);

19. Alarms and scandals (Art. 155);

20. Delivering prisoners from jails (Art. 156);

21. Evasion of service of sentence (Art. 157);

22. Evasion on occasion of disorders (Art. 158);

23. Violation of conditional pardon (Art. 159); and

24. Commission of another crime during service of penalty imposed for another previous offense (Art. 160).

TITLE IV. CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC
INTEREST

Crimes against Public Interest:

1. Counterfeiting the great seal of the Government of the Philippines (Art. 161);

2. Using forged signature or counterfeiting seal or stamp (Art. 162);

3. Making and importing and uttering false coins (Art. 163);

4. Mutilation of coins, importation and uttering of mutilated coins (Art. 164);

5. Selling of false or mutilated coins, without connivance (Art. 165);

6. Forging treasury or bank notes or other documents payable to bearer, importing and uttering of such false or forged notes and documents (Art. 166);

7. Counterfeiting, importing and uttering instruments not payable to bearer (Art. 167);

8. Illegal possession and use of forged treasury or bank notes and other instruments of credit (Art. 168);

9. Falsification of legislative documents (Art. 170);

10. Falsification by public officer, employee or notary (Art. 171);

11. Falsification by private individuals and use of falsified documents (Art. 172);

12. Falsification of wireless, cable, telegraph and telephone messages and use of said falsified messages (Art. 173);

13. False medical certificates, false certificates of merit or service (Art. 174);

14. Using false certificates (Art. 175);

15. Manufacturing and possession of instruments or implements for falsification (Art. 176);

16. Usurpation of authority or official functions (Art. 177);

17. Using fictitious name and concealing true name (Art. 178);

18. Illegal use of uniforms or insignia (Art. 179);

19. False testimony against a defendant (Art. 180);

20. False testimony favorable to the defendant (Art. 181);

21. False testimony in civil cases (Art. 182);

22. False testimony in other cases and perjury (Art. 183);

23. Offering false testimony in evidence (Art. 184);

24. Machinations in public auction (Art. 185);

25. Monopolies and combinations in restraint of trade (Art. 186);

26. Importation and disposition of falsely marked articles or merchandise made of gold, silver, or other precious metals or their alloys (Art. 187);

27. Substituting and altering trade marks and trade names or service marks (Art. 188);

28. Unfair competition and fraudulent registration of trade mark or trade name, or service mark; fraudulent designation of origin, and false description (Art. 189).

TITLE V. CRIMES RELATIVE TO OPIUM
AND OTHER PROHIBITED DRUGS

Articles 190, 191, 192, 193 and194 of the Revised Penal Code have been repealed by Republic Act No. 6425 (The Dangerous Drugs Act of 1972), as amended by Presidential Decree No. 1683 and further amended by Republic Act No. 7659.

Acts punished by the Republic Act No. 6425:

1. Importation of prohibited drugs;

2. Sale, administration, delivery, distribution and transportation of prohibited drugs;

3. Maintenance of a den, dive or resort for prohibited drug users;

4. Being employees and visitors of prohibited drug den;

5. Manufacture of prohibited drugs;

6. Possession or use of prohibited drugs;

7. Cultivation of plants which are sources of prohibited drugs;

8. Failure to comply with the provisions of the Act relative to the keeping of records of prescriptions, sales, purchases, acquisitions and/or deliveries of
prohibited drugs;

9. Unlawful prescription of prohibited drugs;

10. Unnecessary prescription of prohibited drugs;

11. Possession of opium pipe and other paraphernalia for prohibited drugs;

12. Unauthorized importation, manufacture, sale administration, dispensation, delivery, transportation, distribution, possession or use of regulated drugs, failure to comply with the provisions of the Act relative to the keeping of records of prescriptions, sales, purchases,
acquisitions and/or deliveries, unlawful prescription, unnecessary prescription of regulated drugs, and maintenance of a den, dive or resort for regulated drug users.

TITLE VI. CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC
MORALS

Crimes against Public Morals:

1. Gambling (Art. 195);

2. Importation, sale and possession of lottery tickets or advertisements (Art. 196);

3. Betting in sport contests (Art. 197);

4. Illegal betting on horse races (Art. 198);

5. Illegal cockfighting (Art. 199);

6. Grave scandal (Art. 200);

7. Immoral doctrines, obscene publications and exhibitions (Art. 201); and

8. Vagrancy and prostitution (Art. 202).

TITLE VII. CRIMES COMMITTED BY
PUBLIC OFFICERS

Crimes committed by Public Officers:

1. Knowingly rendering unjust judgment (Art. 204);

2. Judgment rendered through negligence (Art. 205);

3. Unjust interlocutory order (Art. 206);

4. Malicious delay in the administration of justice (Art. 207);

5. Prosecution of offenses; negligence and tolerance (Art. 208);

6. Betrayal of trust by an attorney or solicitor - Revelation of secrets (Art. 209);

7. Direct bribery (Art. 210);

8. Indirect bribery (Art. 211);

9. Qualified bribery (Art. 211-A);

10. Corruption of public officials (Art. 212);

11. Frauds against the public treasury and similar offenses (Art. 213);

12. Other frauds (Art. 214);

13. Prohibited transactions (Art. 215);

14. Possession of prohibited interest by a public officer (Art. 216);

15. Malversation of public funds or property - Presumption of malversation (Art. 217);

16. Failure of accountable officer to render accounts (Art. 218);

17. Failure of a responsible public officer to render accounts before leaving the country (Art. 219);

18. Illegal use of public funds or property (Art. 220);

19. Failure to make delivery of public funds or property (Art. 221);

20. Conniving with or consenting to evasion (Art. 223);

21. Evasion through negligence (Art. 224);

22. Escape of prisoner under the custody of a person not a public officer (Art. 225);

23. Removal, concealment or destruction of documents (Art. 226);

24. Officer breaking seal (Art. 227);

25. Opening of closed documents (Art. 228);

26. Revelation of secrets by an officer (Art. 229);

27. Public officer revealing secrets of private individual (Art. 230);

28. Open disobedience (Art. 231);

29. Disobedience to order of superior officer when said order was suspended by inferior officer (Art.
232);

30. Refusal of assistance (Art. 233);

31. Refusal to discharge elective office (Art. 234);

32. Maltreatment of prisoners (Art. 235);

33. Anticipation of duties of a public office (Art. 236);

34. Prolonging performance of duties and powers (Art. 237);

35. Abandonment of office or position (Art. 238);

36. Usurpation of legislative powers (Art. 239);

37. Usurpation of executive functions (Art. 240);

38. Usurpation of judicial functions (Art. 241);

39. Disobeying request for disqualification (Art. 242);

40. Orders or requests by executive officers to any judicial authority (Art. 243);

41. Unlawful appointments (Art. 244); and

42. Abuses against chastity (Art. 245).

TITLE VIII. CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS

Crimes against Persons:

1. Parricide (Art. 246);

2. Murder (Art. 248);

3. Homicide (Art. 249);

4. Death caused in a tumultuous affray (Art. 251);
5. Physical injuries inflicted in a tumultuous affray (Art. 252);

6. Giving assistance to suicide (Art. 253);

7. Discharge of firearms (Art. 254);

8. Infanticide (Art. 255);

9. Intentional abortion (Art. 256);

10. Unintentional abortion (Art. 257);

11. Abortion practiced by the woman herself or by her parents (Art. 258);

12. Abortion practiced by a physician or midwife and dispensing of abortives (Art. 259);

13. Duel (Art. 260);

14. Challenging to a duel (Art. 261);

15. Mutilation (Art. 262);

16. Serious physical injuries (Art. 263);

17. Administering injurious substances or beverages (Art. 264);

18. Less serious physical injuries (Art. 265);

19. Slight physical injuries and maltreatment (Art. 266); and

20. Rape (Art. 266-A).

TITLE IX. CRIMES AGAINST PERSONAL
LIBERTY AND SECURITY

Crimes against Liberty:

1. Kidnapping and serious illegal detention (Art. 267);

2. Slight illegal detention (Art. 268);

3. Unlawful arrest (Art. 269);

4. Kidnapping and failure to return a minor (Art. 270);

5. Inducing a minor to abandon his home (Art. 271);

6. Slavery (Art. 272);

7. Exploitation of child labor (Art. 273);

8. Services rendered under compulsion in payment of debts (Art. 274).

Crimes against Security:

1. Abandonment of persons in danger and abandonment of one's own victim (Art. 275);

2. Abandoning a minor (Art. 276);

3. Abandonment of minor by person entrusted with his custody; indifference of parents (Art. 277);

4. Exploitation of minors (Art. 278);

5. Trespass to dwelling (Art. 280);

6. Other forms of trespass (Art. 281);

7. Grave threats (Art. 282);

8. Light threats (Art. 283);

9. Other light threats (Art. 285);

10. Grave coercions (Art. 286);

11. Light coercions (Art. 287);

12. Other similar coercions (Art. 288);

13. Formation, maintenance and prohibition of combination of capital or labor through violence or threats (Art. 289);

14. Discovering secrets through seizure of correspondence (Art. 290);

15. Revealing secrets with abus of office (Art. 291);

16. Revealing of industrial secrets (Art. 292).

TITLE X. CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY

Crimes against Property:

1. Robbery with violence against or intimidation of persons (Art. 294);

2. Attempted and frustrated robbery committed under certain circumstances (Art. 297);

3. Execution of deeds by means of violence or intimidation (Art. 298);

4. Robbery in an inhabited house or public building or edifice devoted to worship (Art. 299);

5. Robbery in an inhabited place or in a private building (Art. 302);

6. Possession of picklocks or similar tools (Art. 304);

7. Brigandage (Art. 306);

8. Aiding and abetting a band of brigands (Art. 307);

9. Theft (Art. 308);

10. Qualified theft (Art. 310);

11. Theft of the property of the National Library and National Museum (Art. 311);

12. Occupation of real property or usurpation of real rights in property (Art. 312);

13. Altering boundaries or landmarks (Art. 313);

14. Fraudulent insolvency (Art. 314);

15. Swindling (Art. 315);

16. Other forms of swindling (Art. 316);

17. Swindling a minor (Art. 317);

18. Other deceits (Art. 318);

19. Removal, sale or pledge of mortgaged property (Art. 319);

20. Destructive arson (Art. 320);

21. Other forms of arson (Art. 321);

22. Arson of property of small value (Art. 323);

23. Crimes involving destruction (Art. 324);

24. Burning one's own property as means to commit arson (Art. 325);

25. Setting fire to property exclusively owned by the offender (Art. 326);

26. Malicious mischief (Art. 327);

27. Special case of malicious mischief (Art. 328);

28. Damage and obstruction to means of communication (Art. 330);

29. Destroying or damaging statues, public monuments or paintings (Art. 331).

TITLE XI. CRIMES AGAINST CHASTITY

Crimes against Chastity:

1. Adultery (Art. 333);

2. Concubinage (Art. 334);

3. Acts of lasciviousness (Art. 336);

4. Qualified seduction (Art. 337);

5. Simple seduction (Art. 338);

6. Acts of lasciviousness with the consent of the offended party (Art. 339);

7. Corruption of minors (Art. 340);

8. White slave trade (Art. 34);

9. Forcible abduction (Art. 342);

10. Consented abduction (Art. 343).

TITLE XII. CRIMES AGAINST THE CIVIL
STATUS OF PERSONS

Crimes against the Civil Status of Persons:

1. Simulation of births, substitution of one child for another and concealment or abandonment of a
legitimate child (art. 347);

2. Usurpation of civil status (Art. 348);

3. Bigamy (Art. 349);

4. Marriage contracted against provisions of law (Art. 350);

5. Premature marriages (Art. 351);

6. Performance of illegal marriage ceremony (Art. 352).

TITLE XIII. CRIMES AGAINST HONOR

Crimes against Honor:

1. Libel by means of writings or similar means (Art. 355);

2. Threatening to publish and offer to prevent such publication for a compensation (Art. 356);

3. Prohibited publication of acts referred to in the course of official proceedings (Art. 357);

4. Slander (Art. 358);

5. Slander by deed (Art. 359);

6. Incriminating innocent person (Art. 363);

7. Intriguing against honor (Art. 364).

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