Chapter 1 - Thinking Geographically

31 terms by lalasolano 

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The science of making maps

Cartography

Scale

The relationship between the length of an object on a map and the feature on the landscape

1:24,000 is an example of what kind of scale?

Fractional Scale

If the scale of a map is 1:24,000, then 1 inch on the map represents __________ feet on Earth's surface.

2,000

Which map would have the smallest scale:
a) county
b) world
c) state
d) continent
e) city

B) World

A system for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is

Projection

Distortion is especially severe on

Small-scale maps

The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from another long-distance method is

remote sensing

A computer sustem that stores, organizes, retrieve, analyzes, and displays geographic data is

GIS (Geographic Information System)

The first person to use the word geography was

Eratosthenes

The name given to a portion of Earths surface is know as

Toponym

Situation identifies a place by its

location relative to other objects

Site identifies a place by its

Unique physical characteristics

New York City's __________ is approximately 100 miles northeast of Philadelphia and 100 miles southwest Boston.
a) location
b) jurisdiction
c) site
d) situation
e) toponym

D) Situation

Which is true?
a) Every parallel begins and ends at the poles
b) Every meridian is distorted by magnetic declination
c) Every parallel is the same length
d) Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end
e) Every meridian is actually a circle rather than a line

D) Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end.

A ship's position is given as 0º latitude and 27º west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located

on the equator

Greenwich Mean Time is measured from

0 degrees lngitude

The International Date Line is measured approximately from

0 degrees longitude

The US Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the country into a system of
a) townships
b) ranges
c) quarter sections
d) section
e) all of the above

e) all of the above (townships; ranges; quarter sections; section)

The South is established as a vernacular region of the United States by
a) high cotton production
b) the Baptist Church
c) climate
d) low high school graduation rated
e) all of the above

e) all of the above (high cotton production; the Baptist Church; climate; low high school graduation rated )

Holland converted the Zuider Zee into a fresh water lake by using

dikes

The concept that the distribution of the one phenomenon is scientifically related to the location of other phenomena is

Spatial Association

The arrangement of phenomenon across Earth's surface is

Spatial distribution

An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is

region

Which is not an example of functional region?
a) the market area of a supermarket
b) the area dominated by a particular crop
c) the area of dominance of a television station
d) area served by a sports franchise
e) the circulation area of a newspaper

b) the area dominated by a particular crop

The division of the United States into nine regions by the Census Bureau is an example of an

formal region

In Maryland, high rates of cancer are found in the

eastern rural areas

The frequency of somethin within a given unit of area is

density

The spread of something over a given study area is

distribution

The spatial distribution created by the US Land Ordinance of 1785 is an example of

pattern

The population of the United States is approximately 290 million, and the land area is approximately 9 million square kilometers. The arithmetic density of the United States is approximately

30 persons per square kilometer

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