AP World Unit 1 test

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What different societies were not able to emerge from the neolithic revolution?

theocracies

before settling down into permanent agricultural societies, the paleolithic peoples of the fertile crescent had developed all of the following techniques or technologies except

elaborate traps for capturing and storing eels

features that distinguish Shang and Zhou China from other early civilizations are the

mandate of heaven, emphasis on the wisdom of ancestors, dynastic cycles

which of the first civilizations experienced the greatest cultural continuity from its earliest formation into modern times

China

what made the Olmec and Chavin civilizations different from other early civilizations

they were not located in river valleys

which of the following speices of large animals did not become extinct after the arrival of the Clovis people in the Americas

bison

which of the following crops was the first grain to be domesticated in sub-saharan africa

sorghum

which of the following accuratley compares ancient Egypt with ancient Mesopotamia

mesopotamians produced a law code; Egypt prob did not

what is the name given to the paleolithic figurines found all across Europe that depict the female form

Venus

bows and arrows were invented seperatly in all of the following places except

the americas

which of the following was not a feature of gathering and hunting paleolithic societies

significant specialization within a group with "prof" tool makers

not an explanation for why neolithic revolution is seen as a marker event in world history

humans designed horticultural tools that became much more advanaced allowing for larger more advanced food production

why is so little know about the ancient Indus River Valley people

inscriptions on artifacts are too brief to allow the interpretation of their language

what hindered the spread of maize in the americas during the neolithic period

north/south orientation of the americas

which of the following in not evidence that paleolithic humans possessed a rich ceremonial life

their construction of small, egyptian-style pyramids

the summerians, akkadians, and babylonians were all people who lived in

mesopotamia

which of the following was not one of the first civilizations

Greece

problem caused instability in ancient mesopotamia

salinization of soil, invasions by outsiders, and rivalry among its separate city-states

global warming following the last ice age

allowed groups of humans to settle more permanently in single locations

provided the economic foundation for civilization

agriculture

scholars have noted that paleolithic humans played a role in shaping their environment by

deliberately setting fires to encourage the growth of particular plants

the end of the last ice age laid foundaiton for the agricultural revolution

by creating a warmer, wetter, and more stable climate

was settled most recently by human beings

new zealand

was not built on a foundation of grain-based agriculture

Norte Chico (maize)

pastoral societies emerged in all of the following regions except

the Americas (emerged in sub-saharan africa, central asia, the arabian peninsula)

which of the following accurately describes an important change in Egypt from earlier eras to the new kingdom

egypt became more expansionistic and had more contact with other civilizations

human accomplishment that emerged with the first civilizations

writing

how did church culture not differ from the san culture

the san had highly developed innovations, chumash relied on stone-age tools

in practicing divination, mesopotamians studies the stars as well as animal organs. chinese shamans were better known for studying

oracle bones

not connected by a land bridge created during the last ice age

north america and europe (were: australia and new guinea, sibera and alaska, and britain and continental europe)

not an early agriculutural settlement

Babylon (were:banpo, catalhuyuk, jericho)

not a characteristic that most historians use to distinguish civilizations form other early human organizations

the existence of settled agriculture (is: the creation of food surplus, specialized occupations, clear social class distinctions)

the economic system that humans first used for survival was

hunting and gathering

homo sapiens first emerged in what region

africa

the territory of ancient mesopotamia is presently occupied by

Iraq

in which of the following areas did agriculture not develop separately and independently

india (did: the andes, mesoamerica, new guinea)

which was the last of the first civilizations to emerge

olmec

which of the following distinguishes the development of agr. in the fertile crescent from the development of agr. in sub-sahara africa

only sub-sahara africa did several widely scattered farming practices emerge

was shared feature of both chiefdoms and agri. societies

both were based around permanent agr. settlements, possessed social/economic inequalities, and possessed mechanisms for resolving internal disputes

scholars have not advanced as a possible explanation for the emergence of patriarchy in the first civilization

the increased role of women outside the home

historians' usual definition of civilization

a human society that includes cities and states

lack of large animals in mesoamerica and north america meant that

agri. societies in these regions relied more hunting than did peoples elsewhere, these regions did not develop the plow technology, these regions had to develop alternatives to manure to fertilize crops

not a tech. associated with the agri. revolution

windmills (are: looms, plows, metallurgy)

have not been put forward by scholars as an explanation fro early cave paintings

that the cave paintings are early maps (have: cave paintings served relgious purposes, cave paintings provided info for future generations, and cave paintings were a form of hunting magic)

which of the following developments occurred virtually everywhere that Pacific island colonists went

settlers created highly stratified societies or chiefdoms

was not among the pressures of incentives to increase food production during the agri. revolution

competition with other hominids

the rulers of this first civilization held authority thanks to the mandate of heaven

china

which of the following did not support kingship in the first civilizations

the authority of a written constitution (did: physical force, needs of defense, and belief that the office of king was divinely ordained

which of the following statements about ancient egypt is false

egyptians believed that only the pharaohs enjoyed eternal life (truth: the state was ruled by pharaohs, who were believed to be gods in human form, cities were less important in Egypt than in Mesopotamia, Egypt had a very stable agri. system)

which of the following is a feature of the secondary products revolution

the harvesting of wool from animals

the three "C"s of world history are

connection, comparison, and change

the first civilizations suffered from deep social inequalities expressed in the differences in

wealth, gender roles, and economic function

in which of the following regions were animals domesticated before crops were

northeast africa

which human migration was the first in which boats were used

migration to Australia

which of the following animals is mismatched with one of its probable areas of first domestication

goats/east Asia (correct: sheep/southwest asia, cows/Eurasia, and camels/arabia)

which of the following animals was not independently domesticated in the fertile crescent

donkey (was: sheep, goats, and pigs)

which of the following have scholars not advanced as a possible explanation for the origins of the first civilizations

settlement of nomads (possible explanations: a need to organize large-scale irrigation projects, warfare, and competition between societies where rich agri. land was limited)

which of the following groups was least strongly tied to the web of commerce and cultures that existed between 1700 and 1100 BCE

china (strongly tied: egypt, mesopotamia, and the hitties)

scholars estimate that the population of humans on the planet around 10,000 years ago was

6 million

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