Med Terms Chapter 5 Section 1

119 terms by Rachellesmith7 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

nose

lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filter to moisten and warm the entering air.

nasal septum

partition separating the right and left nasal cavities.

paranasal sinuses

air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasal cavities.

pharynx

serves as a food and air passageway. Air enters from the nasal cavities and passes through the pharynx to the larynx. Food eneters the pharynx from the mouth and passes into the esophagus.

adenoids

lymphoid tissue located behind the nasal cavity.

tonsils

lymphoid tissue located behind the mouth.

larynx

location of the vocal cords. Air enters from the pharynx.

epiglottis

flap of cartilage that automatically covers the opening and keeps food from entering the larynx during swallowing.

trachea

passageway for air to the bronchi.

bronchus

one of the two branches from the trachea that conducts air into the lungs, where it divides and subdivides. The branchings resemble a tree; therefore they are referred to as a bronchial tree.

bronchioles

smallest subdivision of the bronchial tree.

alveolus

air sacs at the end of the bronchioles. Oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged through the alveolar walls and the capillaries.

lungs

two spongelike organs in the thoracic cavity. The right lung consists of three lobes, and the left lung has two lobes.

pleura

double-folded serous membrane covering each lung and lining the thoracic cavity with a small space between, called the pleural cavity which contains serous fluid.

diaphragm

muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. It aids in the breathing process by contracting and pulling air in, then relaxing and pushing air out.

mediastinum

space between the lungs. It contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other structures.

adenoid/o

adenoids

alveol/o

alveolus

bronch/i, bronch/o

bronchus

diaphragmat/o, phren/o

diaphragm

epiglott/o

epiglottis

laryng/o

larynx

lob/o

lobe

nas/o,rhin/o

nose

pharyng/o

pharynx

pleur/o

pleura

pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o

lung, air

pulmon/o

lung

sept/o

septum (wall off, fence)

sinus/o

sinus

thorac/o

thorax(chest)

tonsill/o

tonsil

trache/o

trachea

atel/o

imperfect incomplete

capn/o

carbon dioxide

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

muc/o

mucus

orth/o

straight

ox/o, ox/i

oxygen

phon/o

sound, voice

somn/o

sleep

spir/o

breathe, breathing

a, an

absence of, without

endo

within

eu

normal, good

pan

all, total

poly

many, much

tachy

fast, rapid

algia

pain

ar,ary,eal

pertaining to

cele

hernia or protusion

centesis

surgical puncture to aspirate fluid (with a sterile need)

ectasis

stretching out, dilation, expansion

emia

blood condition

graphy

process of recording

meter

instrument used to measure

metry

measurement

pexy

surgical fixation, suspension

pnea

breathing

rrhagia

rapid flow of blood

scope

instrument used for visual examination

scopic

pertaining to visual examination

scopy

visual examination

spasm

sudden, involuntary muscle contraction (spasmodic contraction)

stenosis

construction or narrowing

stomy

creation of an artificial opening

thorax

chest

tomy

cut into or incision

adenoiditis

inflammation of the adenoids

alveolitis

inflammation of the alveolus

atelectasis

incomplete expansion (of the lung or portions of the lung)

bronchiectasis

dilation of the bronchi.

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

bronchogenic carcinoma

cancerous tumor originating in a bronchus.

bronchopneumonia

diseased state of the bronchi and lungs, (usually caused by infection).

diaphragmatocele

hernia of the diaphragm

epiglottitis

inflammation of the epiglottis

hemothorax

blood in the chest (pleural space)

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB)

inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi (the acute form is called croup)

lobar pneumonia

pertaining to the lobes; diseased state of the lung (infection of one or more lobes of the lung)

nasopharyngitis

inflammation of the nose and pharynx

pansinusitis

inflammation of all sinuses

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

pleuritis

inflammation of the pleura. (also called pleurisy)

pneumatocele

hernia of the lung (lung tissue protrudes through an opening in the chest)

pneumoconiosis

abnormal condition of dust in the lungs

pneumonia

diseased state of the lung (the infection and inflammation are caused by bacteria such as pneumococcus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, viruses, fungi)

pneumonitis

inflammation of the lung

pneumothorax

air in the chest(pleural space), which causes collapse of the lung (often a result of an open chest wound)

pulmonary neoplasm

pertaining to (in) the lung, new growth (tumor)

pyothorax

pus in the cest (pleural space) (also called empyema)

rhinitis

inflammation of the (mucous membranes) nose.

rhinomycosis

abnormal condition of fungus in the nose

rhinorrhagia

rapid flow of blood from the nose (also called epistaxis)

thoracalgia

pain in the chest

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsils

tracheitis

inflammation of the trachea

tracheostenosis

narrowing of the trachea

adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

respiratory failure as a result of disease or injury. symptoms include dyspnea, tachypnea, and cyanosis (also called adult respiratory distress syndrome)

asthma

respiratory disease characterized by paroxysms of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath, which is caused by constriction of airways that is reversible between attacks.

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

a progressive lung disease that restricts air flow, which makes breathing difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are two main components, maybe caused by chronic asthmatic bronchitis

coccidioidomycosis

fungal disease affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs of the body (also called valley fever or cocci)

cor pulmonale

serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders, such as emphysema

croup

condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx, characterized by a barking cough, hoarseness and stridor. Caused by viral, or bacterial infection, allergy, or foreign body. Occurs mainly in children.

cystic fibrosis (CF)

hereditary disorder of the exocrine glands characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract, pancreas deficiency, and other symptoms.

deviated septum

one part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury of the nasal septum.

emphysema

stretching of lung tissue caused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity

epistaxis

nose bleed (synonymous with rhinorrhagia)

influenza

highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus (also called flu)

Legionnaire disease

a labor pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila.

obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep, which leads to absence of breathing, can produce daytime drowsiness and elevated blood pressure.

pertussis

highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tract characterized by an acute crowing inspiration or whoop (also called whooping cough)

pleural effusion

fluid in the pleural space caused by a disease process or trauma

pulmonary embolism (PE)

matter foreign to the circulation, carried to the pulmonary artery and it's branches, where it blocks circulation to the lungs and can be fatal. Blood clots broken loose from the deep veins of the lower extremities are the most common source of emboli.

pulmonary edema

fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles.

tuberculosis (TB)

an infectious disease, caused by an acid-fast bacillus most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs.

upper respiratory infection (URI)

infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx (commonly called a cold)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set