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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. ribosome
  2. genetic code
  3. start codon
  4. RNA
  5. termination signal
  1. a a table that shows the amino acid that corresponds to each of the 64 possible codons
  2. b a specific sequence of nucleotides that marks the end of a gene.
  3. c small organelle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein
  4. d a nucleic acid that plays an important role in the production of proteins
  5. e codon that signals to ribosomes to begin translation; codes for the first amino acid in a protein

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. transcription enzyme that links RNA nucleotides together
  2. group of three nucleotides on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
  3. sequence of DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein
  4. process of converting information in mRNA into a sequence of amino acids in a protein
  5. change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information

5 True/False questions

  1. protein synthesisThe process of producing proteins by bonding together specific amino acids in a specific order


  2. peptide bondThe covalent linkage between two amino acid units in a polypeptide; formed by a dehydration reaction.


  3. transcriptionprocess of converting information in mRNA into a sequence of amino acids in a protein


  4. stop codona codon in messenger RNA that stops protein synthesis and causes the completed protein chain to be released from the ribosome


  5. transfer RNAtype of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis


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