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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. exon
  2. codon
  3. start codon
  4. peptide bond
  5. transcription
  1. a sequence of DNA that codes information for protein synthesis.
  2. b codon that signals to ribosomes to begin translation; codes for the first amino acid in a protein
  3. c three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid
  4. d The covalent linkage between two amino acid units in a polypeptide; formed by a dehydration reaction.
  5. e the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a nucleic acid that plays an important role in the production of proteins
  2. group of three nucleotides on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
  3. transcription enzyme that links RNA nucleotides together
  4. region of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA
  5. the genetic message from the DNA which is transferred to the protein-synthesizing machinery of the cell

5 True/False Questions

  1. ribosomal RNAsmall organelle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein

          

  2. ribosomesmall organelle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein

          

  3. genetic codea table that shows the amino acid that corresponds to each of the 64 possible codons

          

  4. translationthe organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA

          

  5. protein synthesisregion of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA

          

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