Topographical Terms

25 terms by iluvcfa

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Island

land area completely surrounded by water

Peninsula

Large land area surrounded by water on 3 sides

Isthmus

Narrow stretch of land connecting 2 larger land areas

Mountain

land form that rises at least 1000 feet above the land surrounding it

Valley

Area of low land between mountains or hills

Plateau

Area of flat or rolling land at a high elevation

Plain

Area of level land, usually at a low elevation

Cape

A point of land surrounded by a body of water

Canyon

A deep and narrow valley with steep walls

Mesa

Area of raised land with steep sides

Lake

Body of water totally surrounded by land

Bay

A part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline

Gulf

A part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, larger than a bay

Strait

A narrow stretch of water joining 2 larger river or stream; a branch of a river

Ocean

Largest body of water on earth

Sea

A large body of water either partly or completely surrounded by land

River

Water that winds through a land mass and empties into a larger body of water

Tributaries

small river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream; a branch of a river

Delta

Land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth

Channel

A deep, narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water, deep part of a river or other waterway

Harbor

A sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can safely anchor

Downstrean

The direction in which a river flows from its source to its mouth

Upstream

The direction opposite the flow of a river from the end or mouth of a river to its source

source of a river

the place where a river begins, often in high land

mouth of a river

the place where a river flows into a larger body of water

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