the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
Stripped the Irish Catholics of their political and religious rights, and restricted them from owning land and getting an education (A major push from Ireland)
was a member of the Irish House of Commons and a campaigner for legislative freedom for the Irish Parliament in the late 18th century. Was the leader of the Irish Patriot Party, He opposed the Act of Union 1800 that merged the Kingdoms of Ireland and Great Britain.
the "National Seminary for Ireland", Roman Catholic, and a Pontifical University.
the term used to refer to the idea of a sovereign state which covers all of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland.
Theobald Wolfe Tone
was a leading figure in the United Irishmen Irish independence movement and is regarded as the father of Irish republicanism.
Rising of 1798
was an uprising lasting several months, against British rule in Ireland. The United Irishmen, a republican revolutionary group influenced by the ideas of the American and French revolutions, were the main organizing force behind the rebellion.
Fr. John Murphy
was one of the leaders of the Irish Rebellion of 1798 in Wexford who was executed by British soldiers.
was an Irish nationalist, orator and rebel leader born in Dublin, Ireland. He led an abortive rebellion against British rule in 1803 and was captured, tried and executed for high treason.
Act of Union
...was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century. He campaigned for Catholic Emancipation—the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years—and repeal of the Act of Union which combined Ireland and Great Britain. Often referred to as The Liberator, or The Emancipator,
...was an Irish Roman Catholic political organisation set up by Daniel O'Connell in the early nineteenth century to campaign for Catholic emancipation within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It was one of the first mass-membership political movements in Europe.
Election of 1828
...Repeal of the Act of Union, which in 1801 had merged the Parliaments of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Fr. Theobald Mathew
...an Irish teetotalist reformer, popularly known as Father Mathew
...is a coastal suburb on the north-side of Dublin - also a brand of whiskey
...was a political, cultural and social movement of the mid-19th century. It led changes in Irish nationalism, including an abortive rebellion. Many of the latter's leaders were tried for sedition and sentenced to penal transportation to Van Diemen's Land. From its beginnings in the late 1830s, it grew in influence and inspired following generations of Irish Nationalists.
Rising of 1848
... was a failed Irish nationalist uprising led by the Young Ireland movement. It took place in the village of Ballingarry, County Tipperary. After being chased by a force of Young Irelanders and their supporters, a Royal Irish Constabulary unit raided a house and took those inside as hostages. A several-hour gunfight followed, but the rebels fled after a large group of police reinforcements arrived.
It is sometimes called the Famine Rebellion
...was a period of mass starvation, disease and emigration between 1845 and 1852
...was an Irish nationalist activist, solicitor and political journalist. He became a leading Member of both Young Ireland and the Irish Confederation. He also became a public voice for the Southern American viewpoint in the United States in the 1850s and 1860s before ending up elected to the British House of Commons, only to be disqualified because he was a convicted felon. His Jail Journal is one of Irish nationalism's most famous texts.
Tenant Right League
...established in 1850, was an organization which aimed to secure reforms in the Irish land system. Formed by Charles Gavan Duffy and Frederick Lucas , it united for a time Protestant and Catholic tenants, Duffy calling his movement The League of North and South
...was a fraternal organization dedicated to the establishment of an independent Irish Republic in the 19th and early 20th century. The name was first applied by John O'Mahony to the members of the Irish republican group which he founded in America in 1858
Irish Republican Brotherhood
...was a secret oath-bound fraternal organization dedicated to the establishment of an "independent democratic republic" in Ireland during the second half of the 19th century and the start of the 20th century. Its counterpart in the United States of America was organized by John O'Mahony and became known as the Fenian Brotherhood
...was a radical splinter group of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, active in Dublin during the 1880s.
William E. Gladstone
...was a British Liberal statesman. In a career lasting over sixty years, he served as Prime Minister four times
...the process of depriving a church of its status as an organ of the state.
...is the power of a constituent part (administrative division) of a state to exercise such of the state's powers of governance within its own administrative area that have been devolved to it by the central government.
Charles Stewart Parnell
...was an Irish Anglican landowner, nationalist political leader, land reform agitator, and the founder and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party. He was one of the most important figures in 19th century Ireland and Great Britain and described by Prime Minister William Gladstone as the most remarkable person he had ever met.
..was an Irish republican and nationalist agrarian agitator, a social campaigner, labour leader, journalist, Home Rule constitutional politician and Member of Parliament (MP), who founded the Irish National Land League.
...was an Irish political organization of the late 19th century which sought to help poor tenant farmers. Its primary aim was to abolish landlordism in Ireland and enable tenant farmers to own the land they worked on. The period of the Land League's agitation is known as the Land War.
...was a period of agrarian agitation in rural Ireland in the 1870s, 1880s and 1890s. The agitation was led by the Irish National Land League and was dedicated to bettering the position of tenant farmers and ultimately to a redistribution of land to tenants from landlords, especially absentee landlords. While there were many violent incidents and some deaths in this campaign, it was not actually a "war", but rather a prolonged period of civil unrest.
...a former prison
Ashbourne & Wyndham Acts
...word meaning an Irish-speaking region in Ireland
William Butler Yeats
...was an Irish poet and dramatist, and one of the foremost figures of 20th century literature. A pillar of both the Irish and British literary establishments, served as an Irish Senator for two terms, was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival, and along with Lady Gregory and Edward Martyn founded the Abbey Theatre, serving as its chief during its early years. In 1923 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
...was an Irish novelist and poet, considered to be one of the most influential writers in the modernist avant-garde of the early 20th century. Best known for Ulysses (1922), a landmark novel which perfected his stream of consciousness technique and combined nearly every literary device available in a modern re-telling of The Odyssey.
...known as An Craoibhín Aoibhinn ("The Pleasant Little Branch"), was an Irish scholar of the Irish language who served as the first President of Ireland from 1938 to 1945. He founded the Gaelic League, one of the most influential cultural organisations in Ireland at the time
...is a non-governmental organisation that promotes the Irish language in Ireland and abroad. The motto of the League is Sinn Féin, Sinn Féin amháin (Ourselves, Ourselves alone). [
...a theatre located in Dublin, Ireland. first opened its doors to the public on 27 December 1904. the first state-subsidized theatre in the English-speaking world; from 1925 onwards it received an annual subsidy from the Irish Free State
John M. Synge
...was an Irish playwright, poet, prose writer, and collector of folklore. He was one of the co-founders of the Abbey Theatre. He is best known for his play The Playboy of the Western World, which caused riots during its opening run at the Abbey Theatre.
...a political party in Ireland. founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith
...was the founder and third leader of Sinn Féin. He served as President of Dáil Éireann from January to August 1922, and was head of the Irish delegation at the negotiations in London that produced the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921.
...was an Irish socialist leader. became one of the leading Marxist theorists of his day. Though proud of his Irish background, he also took a role in Scottish and American politics. He was executed by a British firing squad because of his leadership role in the Easter Rising of 1916.
...was an Irish teacher, barrister, poet, writer, nationalist and political activist who was one of the leaders of the Easter Rising in 1916. He was declared "President of the Provisional Government" of the Irish Republic in one of the bulletins issued by the Rising's leaders, a status that was however disputed by others associated with the rebellion both then and subsequently. Following the collapse of the Rising and the execution of Pearse, along with his brother (Willie Pearse) and fourteen other leaders, Pearse came to be seen by many as the embodiment of the rebellion
...was an Irish and British barrister, judge and politician. He was leader of the Irish Unionist Alliance and Ulster Unionist Party between 1910 and 1921, held numerous positions in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom and served as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary. Upon his death, in 1935, he was one of the few non-monarchs to receive a United Kingdom state funeral.
Solemn Oath and Covenant
...was an insurrection staged in Ireland during Easter Week, 1916. The Rising was mounted by Irish republicans with the aims of ending British rule in Ireland and establishing the Irish Republic. It was the most significant uprising in Ireland since the rebellion of 1798
Election of 1918
...is the lower house, but principal chamber, of the Irish parliament, which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house). It is directly elected at least once in every five years under the system of proportional representation
...a guerrilla war mounted by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) against the British government and its forces in Ireland. It began in January 1919, following the Irish Republic's declaration of independence
...a treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and representatives of the secessionist Irish Republic that concluded the Irish War of Independence.
...was an Irish revolutionary leader, Minister for Finance and Teachta Dála (TD) for Cork South in the First Dáil of 1919, Director of Intelligence for the IRA, and member of the Irish delegation during the Anglo-Irish Treaty negotiations. Subsequently, he was both Chairman of the Provisional Government and Commander-in-chief of the National Army.[
Eamon De Valera
...was one of the dominant political figures in 20th century Ireland. His political career spanned over half a century, from 1917 to 1973; he served multiple terms as head of government and head of state, and is credited with a leading role in the authorship of the present-day Constitution of Ireland
...the head of government of Ireland
...were institutions for so-called "fallen women". Although popularly associated with Ireland, there is nothing distinctly Irish or Roman Catholic about them, indeed a number of the asylums, including the first in Ireland, were founded and run by members of Protestant denominations. Asylums for "fallen women" operated throughout Europe, Britain, Ireland, Canada and the United States for much of the nineteenth and well into the twentieth century. The first asylum in Ireland opened on Leeson Street in Dublin in 1767
...was one of the most prominent Irish politicians of the 20th century. He served as Taoiseach from 1959 until 1966.
A veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising, the War of Independence and the Civil War, Lemass was first elected as a Sinn Féin Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin South constituency in a by-election on 18 November 1924 and was returned at each election until the constituency was abolished in 1948
...a term used to describe the economy of Ireland during a period of rapid economic growth between 1995-2007
...was an incident on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, in which twenty-six unarmed civil rights protesters and bystanders were shot by members of the British Army