Unit 3

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Change in colonial policy by the British government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved:

Forcing them to shoulder costs of the empire

When it came to the Revolution, it could be said that colonists were:

Reluctant revolutionaries

The "radical whigs" feared:

The arbitrary power of the monarchy

Under mercantilist doctrine, the American colonies were expected to do all of the following:

Supply Britain with raw materials not available there, Furnish ships, and trade to bolster the strength of the Royal Navy, To provide a market for British manufactured goods, Refrain from exporting woolen cloth

Despite the benefits of the mercantile system, the American colonists disliked it because:

Kept them in perpetual state of economic adolescence

Colonists objected to the Stamp Act because:

Parliament passed it, not them

Actions taken by the colonists that helped them unite include:

The Stamp Act Congress, Nonimportation agreements, Spinning bees, The making and wearing of homemade woolen goods

The First Continental Congress was called in order to:

consider ways of redressing colonial grievances.

As the War for Independence began, Britain had the advantage of:

National wealth and power, soldiers, superior navy.

Perhaps the most important action of the 2nd C.C. was to:

Select GW to head army

One purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to:

Explain to the world their reasons for revolt.

Thomas Paine argued that all government officials:

Should derive their authority from popular consent

Examples of colonial experience with self-governance, which prepared Americans for a republic, included all of the following:

New England town meeting, Committees of correspondence, The relative equality of landowning farmers, The absence of a hereditary aristocracy

The Declaration of Independence did all of the following:

Invoke the natural rights of humankind to justify revolt

Like many revolutions, the American Revolution was a:

minority movement

The militia played a crucial role in all of the following areas:

Taking up the task of "political" education, Convincing people to join the fight against the British, Mercilessly harassing small British detachments, Being effecting agents of Revolutionary ideas

Which of the following fates befell Loyalists after the war?

• Some fled to England
• Some re-established themselves in North America
• Some had their property confiscated
• Some were exiled

When the alliance with France was formed, Americans were able to:

• Gain access to large sums of money
• Double the size of their fighting forces
• Avail themselves of French naval strength
• Gain immense amounts of equipment

Some Indians joined the British during the war because:

They believed a British victory would limit colonial expansion

After the British defeat at the Battle of Yorktown:

The fighting continued for more than a year

Which of these battles proved to be a major turning point of the war?

Saratoga

Who did America send to persuade the French to join their cause?

Ben Franklin

As a result of the Revolution's emphasis on equality, all of the following were achieved:

The reduction of property qualifications for voting by most states, The growth of trade organizations for artisans and laborers, The establishment of the world's first anti-slavery society, Abolishing medieval inheritance laws

The delegate whose contributions to the Convention were so notable that he has been called the "Father of the Constitution" was:

James Madison

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