World Music Final

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84 terms

What is the Arabic/Turkish system of modes and rules for improvisation?

maqam (makam)

what are the building blocks of the Arabic modal system?

ajnas

Ajnas consist of ______, _______, or _______.

trichords, tetrachords, pentachords

What is the Islamic call to prayer?

adhan

What is the Persian mode or system of rules for melodic development?

dastgah

What are the short melodic phrases found in Persian classical music?

gusheh

What is the tonal repertoire/collection of melodies in Persian classical music?

radif

The piecing together pre-existing melodic fragments to "improvise" the construction of a larger composition is _________

Centonization

Centonization is used by what tradition?

Persia

What is the cyclic rhythmic framework that organizes a raga performance in India?

tala

What is the set of rules used to form melodies in Indian classical music?

raga

T/F: There are rules of modulation in the raga system.

False

What is the opening section of a raga performance in which a performer "explores" the raga?

alap

What is the skeletal melody used as a basis for improvisation in a raga performance of classical Indian instruments music?

gat

What is the mood or sentiment associated with artistic creativity in India?

rasa

What is concept of soundless space?

Ma

What is the musical tradition that values the concept of Ma?

Japan

What is the 3-part structure of Japanese music?

Jo-Ha-Kyu

What part of the Japanese 3-part structure is found at the beginning and is formless?

Jo

What part of the Japanese 3-part structure establishes the meter?

ha

What part of the Japanese 3-part structure accelerates the meter to completion?

kyu

Pansori is a musical genre of what country?

Korea

T/F: Pansori melody is best described as conjunct and tuneful.

False

What is the function of Pansori?

storytelling

What is musical theater in Japan called?

Kabuki

What is the ceremonial music in Japan called?

Gagaku

T/F: Gagaku music usually involves high rhythmic density.

False

What is the Beijing Opera in China called?

Jingju

T/F: The music of Beijing Opera favors relaxed vocal timbres and low registers .

False

Which tradition values stylized "beautiful" movement?

Jingju

What is the Arabic ensemble called?

takht

What types of instruments does the Arabic takht ensemble typically have?

zithers, bowed and plucked lutes, drums and aerophones

what is the "civic ensemble" in Beijing Opera (featuring strings and winds) called?

wenchang

What is the organological system called in China?

Bayin

The conception of Bayin is based on what?

construction material

The military ensemble in China is called what?

wuchang

what are the 2 instrument families featured in Sizhu music?

aerophones, chordophones

The dhkir ceremony is central to what tradition?

Sufism

What are the drums used in Hindustani music?

tabla

What type of instrument is the santur?

hammered zither

what tradition is the santur from?

Persian

what type of instrument is the shamisen?

fretless plucked lute

what country is the shamisen from?

Japan

what type of instrument is the koto?

plucked zither

What is the national instrument of Japan?

Koto

what type of instrument is the tambura?

round-bodied lute

what country is the tambura from?

India

what instrument provides the "drone" element in Indian classical music?

tambura

What country is the sitar from?

India

what type of instrument is the sitar?

fretted plucked lute

what instrument is a melodic instrument in India?

sitar

what type of instrument is the tar?

fretted plucked lute

what tradition is the tar from?

Persian tradition

what type of instrument is the ud?

fretless, plucked lute

what tradition is the ud from?

Arabic tradition

What is the "scholars instrument" in China?

gu qin

what type of instrument is the gu qin?

plucked zither

what type of instrument is the erhu?

bowed lute

what country is the erhu from?

china

what is the texture of Gu Qin music?

monophonic

what musical elements does gu qin emphasize?

melodic and subtle timbral variation

what is the texture of Hindustani music?

homophonic

Hinustani music emphasizes what?

rhythmic complexity, melodic ornamentation, drones, pitch bending

What two musical concepts does Indian tala involve?

rhythm, timbre

What are the mnemonic syllables corresponding to drum strokes in Indian drumming traditions called?

bols

What is the most common Indian tala, which has 16 beats divided into 4 groups of 4?

tintal

What is the texture of Korean Pansori music?

monophonic

what musical elements does Korean music emphasize?

vibrato, compound meters, ornamentation (vibrato), timbre ("strong flavors"

what musical elements does Japanese music emphasize?

melody, silence, timbre, themes and variations

What is the texture of Chinese sizhu music?

heterophonic

what musical elements does sizhu music emphasize?

ornamentation, high register

what musical elements does gagaku music emphasize?

long sustained tones, timbre

Which type of Chinese music follows the tonal contour of the language?

Jingju/Beijing opera

What do the Islamic aesthetics emphasize?

intricacy, delicacy, complexity

What is considered "legitimate" music in the Islamic tradition?

music for worship

What is considered "controversial" music in the Islamic tradition?

art or entertainment music, non-islamic sacred music

What is considered "illegitimate" music in the Islamic tradition?

sensual and pop music

what musical elements does middle eastern music emphasize?

melody, microtones, ornamentation

T/F. The "Silk Road" refers primarily to the Jewish diaspora

False

The musical traditions of Israel include influence from who?

eastern europe, yemen, russia

T/F: Armenian Christian singing tends to be more syllabic than Arabic counterparts

True

What is the national instrument of Armenia?

duduk

What is the texture of Jewish cantillation?

monophonic

what is the musical tradition that involves unison singing, shifting tonal singers and mellismatic text setting?

Sufi

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