What is the Arabic/Turkish system of modes and rules for improvisation?
what are the building blocks of the Arabic modal system?
Ajnas consist of ______, _______, or _______.
trichords, tetrachords, pentachords
What is the Islamic call to prayer?
What is the Persian mode or system of rules for melodic development?
What are the short melodic phrases found in Persian classical music?
What is the tonal repertoire/collection of melodies in Persian classical music?
The piecing together pre-existing melodic fragments to "improvise" the construction of a larger composition is _________
Centonization is used by what tradition?
What is the cyclic rhythmic framework that organizes a raga performance in India?
What is the set of rules used to form melodies in Indian classical music?
T/F: There are rules of modulation in the raga system.
What is the opening section of a raga performance in which a performer "explores" the raga?
What is the skeletal melody used as a basis for improvisation in a raga performance of classical Indian instruments music?
What is the mood or sentiment associated with artistic creativity in India?
What is concept of soundless space?
What is the musical tradition that values the concept of Ma?
What is the 3-part structure of Japanese music?
What part of the Japanese 3-part structure is found at the beginning and is formless?
What part of the Japanese 3-part structure establishes the meter?
What part of the Japanese 3-part structure accelerates the meter to completion?
Pansori is a musical genre of what country?
T/F: Pansori melody is best described as conjunct and tuneful.
What is the function of Pansori?
What is musical theater in Japan called?
What is the ceremonial music in Japan called?
T/F: Gagaku music usually involves high rhythmic density.
What is the Beijing Opera in China called?
T/F: The music of Beijing Opera favors relaxed vocal timbres and low registers .
Which tradition values stylized "beautiful" movement?
What is the Arabic ensemble called?
What types of instruments does the Arabic takht ensemble typically have?
zithers, bowed and plucked lutes, drums and aerophones
what is the "civic ensemble" in Beijing Opera (featuring strings and winds) called?
What is the organological system called in China?
The conception of Bayin is based on what?
The military ensemble in China is called what?
what are the 2 instrument families featured in Sizhu music?
The dhkir ceremony is central to what tradition?
What are the drums used in Hindustani music?
What type of instrument is the santur?
what tradition is the santur from?
what type of instrument is the shamisen?
fretless plucked lute
what country is the shamisen from?
what type of instrument is the koto?
What is the national instrument of Japan?
what type of instrument is the tambura?
what country is the tambura from?
what instrument provides the "drone" element in Indian classical music?
What country is the sitar from?
what type of instrument is the sitar?
fretted plucked lute
what instrument is a melodic instrument in India?
what type of instrument is the tar?
fretted plucked lute
what tradition is the tar from?
what type of instrument is the ud?
fretless, plucked lute
what tradition is the ud from?
What is the "scholars instrument" in China?
what type of instrument is the gu qin?
what type of instrument is the erhu?
what country is the erhu from?
what is the texture of Gu Qin music?
what musical elements does gu qin emphasize?
melodic and subtle timbral variation
what is the texture of Hindustani music?
Hinustani music emphasizes what?
rhythmic complexity, melodic ornamentation, drones, pitch bending
What two musical concepts does Indian tala involve?
What are the mnemonic syllables corresponding to drum strokes in Indian drumming traditions called?
What is the most common Indian tala, which has 16 beats divided into 4 groups of 4?
What is the texture of Korean Pansori music?
what musical elements does Korean music emphasize?
vibrato, compound meters, ornamentation (vibrato), timbre ("strong flavors"
what musical elements does Japanese music emphasize?
melody, silence, timbre, themes and variations
What is the texture of Chinese sizhu music?
what musical elements does sizhu music emphasize?
ornamentation, high register
what musical elements does gagaku music emphasize?
long sustained tones, timbre
Which type of Chinese music follows the tonal contour of the language?
What do the Islamic aesthetics emphasize?
intricacy, delicacy, complexity
What is considered "legitimate" music in the Islamic tradition?
music for worship
What is considered "controversial" music in the Islamic tradition?
art or entertainment music, non-islamic sacred music
What is considered "illegitimate" music in the Islamic tradition?
sensual and pop music
what musical elements does middle eastern music emphasize?
melody, microtones, ornamentation
T/F. The "Silk Road" refers primarily to the Jewish diaspora
The musical traditions of Israel include influence from who?
eastern europe, yemen, russia
T/F: Armenian Christian singing tends to be more syllabic than Arabic counterparts
What is the national instrument of Armenia?
What is the texture of Jewish cantillation?
what is the musical tradition that involves unison singing, shifting tonal singers and mellismatic text setting?