Mideterm 1

62 terms by epbarker 

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chapters 1, 3, and 4

information society

the exchange of information is the predominant economic activity

mass communication

one-to-many, with limited audience feedback

digital

computer readable information formatted in 1s and 0s

analog

communication that uses continuously varying signals corresponding to the light or sounds originating by the source

channel

an electronic or mechanical system that links the source to the receiver

Copyright

the legal right to control intellectual property

convergence

the integration of mass media, computers, and telecommunications

offshoring

the export of jobs to other countries

information sector

the economy includes broadcasting, publishing, telecommunications, internet, and computer software industries

Telecommunications Act of 1996

federal legislation that deregulated the communications media

digital divide

the gap in internet usage between rich and poor, Anglos and minorities

interactive communication

uses feedback to modify a message as it is presented

Source-Message-Channel-Receiver

model of communication describes the exchange of information as the message passes from the source to the channel to the receiver, with feedback to the source

Gatekeepers

decide what will appear in the media

communication

is an exchange of meaning

mediated

refers to communication transmitted through an electronic or mechanical channel

asynchronous

media are not consumed simultaneously by all members of the audience

narrowcasting

targets media to specific segments of the audience

blog

shorter for Web log, a personal home page with commentary addressed to the Web audience

Novels

extended fictional works, usually of book length

Literacy

the ability to read and understand a variety of information

Almanacs

book-length collections of useful facts, calendars, and advice

subscription libraries

lend books to the public for a fee

Miscellanies

magazines with a wide variety of contents

Woodcuts

used to make illustrations by carving a picture in a block of wood, inking it, and pressing it onto paper

Dime novels

inexpensive paperback noels of the nineteenth century

genres

types or formats of media content

muckraking

journalism that 'rakes up the muck' of corruption and scandal

newsmagazines

weekly magazines focused on news and analysis

desktop publishing

process of editing, laying our, and inserting photos using a desktop computer

computer-to-plate technology

transfers page images composed inside a computer directly to printing plates

print-on-demand technology

prints books only when they are ordered by customers

backlist books

not actively promoted but are still in print

audio books

printed booked narrated onto CDs

shovelware

when publishers simply put their printed news online with no multimedia

consumer magazines

contain general interest topics

trade magazines

targeted toward a particular profession

conglomerates

made up of diverse parts from across several media industries

intellectual property

a creative work that belongs to a legally protected owner

censorship

the prohibition of certain media contents by government, religious, or other societal authorities

Corantos

irregular news sheets that appeared around 1600

datelines

appear at the beginning of a story and note the location of a story if it happens

marketplace of ideas

the concept that the truth and the best ideas will win out in competition

libel

harmful and untruthful written criticism that damages someone

seditious speech

undermines the government

Penny Press

daily newspapers that sold for one cent

wire services

supply news to multiple publications; they were named originally for their use of telegraph wires

new journalism

the investigative reporting of the nineteenth century

yellow journalism

the sensationalistic reporting of the nineteenth century

objectivity

having the news story be free of biases and opinions

social responsibility model

calls on journalists to monitor the ethics of their own writing

convergence

happens when news organizations share different formats of information for multimedia news

videotex

used phone lines to transmit digital news for display on TVs or early desktop computers

teletext

uses cable or broadcast signals to transmit digital news for display on TV

shopper

a community newspaper that contains less than 25 percent editorial content and is mostly ads

local market monopoly

the domination of one or more local markets by one company

hard news

coverage of recent events, such as accidents and crime

joint operation agreements

allow competing newspapers to share resources while maintaining editorial independence

plagiarism

using the ideas of another without citation

fabrication

made up information, which is lying

anonymous source

published information with no reliable source named

tabloids

newspapers focused on popular, sensational events

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