Three reasons why we need a public speaking class?
Everything communicates, The number one skill employers seek, An essential skill for college
What are Four types of Communication?
Dyadic, Small Group, Mass Communication, public speaking
What are Aristotle's Canons of Rhetoric?
Invention, Arrangement,Style, Memory, Delivery, Oratory
What does Oratory mean?
What are the six ethical ground rules for Public Speaking?
Dignity, Integrity, Trustworthy, Respectful, Responsible, Fair
We listen selectively
No two listeners process information exactly the same
What are the four common obstacles in listener attentiveness?
Inattentiveness and distractions, Defensive listening, Laziness and overconfidence and missed one
What are the two types of distractions?
External and Internal
3 Ways to practice active listening?
Set listening goals, Get rid of external noise when possible, Put away objects that distract
We listen at
90-200 Words per minute
We think at
500-600 words per minute
3 Basic types of speeches?
Informative Persuasive Ceremonial
What are the 4 things that good introductions do?
Get the audience's attention and willingness to listen, Previews the topic, purpose and main ideas of the speech, Establishes credibility and Motivates the audience to accept your goal
What are some good things to remember about main points?
Use purpose and thesis statements as guideposts, Keep to 3 main points, Restrict each main point to one idea, Express as a declarative sentence, Use parallel form
Words, phrases, or sentences that tie speech ideas together and allow the speaker to move smoothly from one point to the next
Use transitions between
Main and supporting points.
What are some good things to remember about conclusions?
Alert the audience the speech is coming to a close, Use signpost words and phrases, Summarize the main points, Reiterate the topic and purpose, Challenge the audience
What are the three types of sources?
Secondary, Primary, and Source Data.