Mr Arrington midterm

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105 terms · not all the questions but some main ones

Henry IV

The French king who converted to Catholicism from Protestantism and who later issued the Edict of Nantes.

Huguenots

In France, the Protestant minority of Calvinists

Jan Hus

Bohemian reformer, martyred for his views.

Loyola

As a reaction to the Protestant Reformation, he participated in the Catholic Counter-reformation and established the jesuit order.

Huguenots

The Edict of Nantes granted religious toleration to which minority?

Prodesent's

Mary Tudor become known as "Bloody Mary" because she persecuted and killed many of who?

Philip II of spain

Queen Mary Tudor married who?

Ulrich Zwingli

Swedish reformer

Puritans

English Calvinists

Jon calvin

institutes of the Christian Religion

1534

Act of Supremacy (Date?)

1571

Battle of Lepanto (Date?)

1572

St Bartholomew's Day Massacre (Date?)

1588

Spanish Armada (Date?)

1453

Turks overturn Constantinople (Date?)

Dutch for farmer

Boer (translation?)

HRE Charles V

Charles I of spain became who?

Cortez

Conquered Aztecs

Da Gama

First to reach india by sea

Hardtack

Something full of weevils

Magellan

Killed by Filipinos

Mercator

Famous map maker

Treaty of Tordesillas

New word divided

Balboa

Discovered the Pacific Ocean

Pizzarro

Conquered Incas

De Leon

Explored the area now called Florida for spain

Harrison

His invention helped navigators accurately calculate longitude

Conquest of the Aztecs by Cortez

Best example of the way the spanish expanded into and explored the new world

Portolani

Extremely helpful to sailors because they showed the curvature of the earth

Local African rulers raided defenseless villages in search of unsuspecting victims

in order to obtain slaves for sale to europeans...

Corregidor

Kings officer, in spain

Ballis

Kings officer, in France

Political authority of the king

Dominium

The peoples property

Proprietas

Artillery soldior

Compagnies d'ordonnance

Paid or hired soldier

Mercenary

King Wenceslas

Patron saint of the Bohemians

Dishonest or deceitful

Definition of Disingenuous

Versailles

The costly palas built by Louis XIV, that became the envy of all European Monarchs.

insisting on his right to govern through divine rights

James 1st of England alienated most of the members of parliament by what?

Petition of Right

Maintained that the king could pass no new tax without the consent of parliament.

the effectiveness of Oliver Cromwell's new model army

the Parliamentarians were successful in the English civil war because...?

Thomas Hobbes

Stated that life was Nasty. Brutish, and short and men needed a strong government to maintain order

Emphasizing the social contract between the people and government

Jon Locke was responsible for...?

the prince is not bound by law

Princeps legibus solutus

the will of the prince has the force of the law

Quicquid principi placuit legis habet vigorem

Tied to the land

Adscriptus glebae

Defenestration of prague

Casus belli of the 30 year war

Cardinal Richelieu

shrewd political genius and military strategist that administered the 30 year war for louis XIII

Guy Fawkes

plotted to blow up the house of lords in the gunpowder plot

Forest Eyre

Fine for hunting on the kings land that charles I revived

Declaration of Breda

document, agreed to by Charles II, established that the English Parliament would settle Future religious issues

Darien Scheme

Scottish plan to raise money by transshipping goods for the other European powers from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean

letter of majesty

Majestatsbrief means...?

Fire and Sword

with what did William threatened the scottish lairds if they did not swear allegiance

Glorious revolution

what occurred in1688?

salt tax

what was Gabelle?

king of Sweden

who was Gustavus Adolphus?

between kings

interregnum means?

supporters of James II

who were the Jacobites

English calvinists

who were Puritans

Roundheads

the Cromwell's were also known as?

direct tax

what was the Taille?

1680

when was the killing time?

Sale of royal offices

what was Venality

Treaty of Union

What treaty stated that scotland would settle future religious issues in scotland .

Charle I's attempts to arrest dissenting members of the parliament in the house of Commons

Casus belli of the English Civil war

Junkers

Prussian noble

Quid pro quo

latin for "one thing or another"

Peter I

Tsar known for westernizing Russia

Habsburgs

dynasty that ruled in Austria

Hohenzollers

dynasty that ruled in Prussia

Romanov

Dynasty that ruled in Russia, starting with Mikhail.

Morituri te salutamus

phrase meaning "we who are about to die salute the"

Boyar

Russian Noble

Time of Trouble

period of trouble after Ivan IV died without an hair

Conscript

means 'one who is drafted into service'

Nicolaus Copernicus

Responsible for Heliocentric conception

Benedict de Spinoza

Was a Pantheist

Geocentric conception

same as the Ptolemaic conception of the universe.

Francis Bacon

developed the Scientific Method

the final argument of kings

ultima ratio regum

i am the country

L'état, c'est moi

Philip V

king after the war of Spanish Succession

George Frederick Handel

Baroque composer who wrote "Messiah"

Fredericks seizure of silesia

Act of "naked aggression" that was the casus belli of the war of Austrian succession

Maria Theresa

Ruler of Austria at the time of the war of Austrian succession

Law of Primogeniture

Law that prevented a woman from inheriting the throne

Robert Clive

led the British East India Company troops during 7 year war

The Spirit of the Law

Montesquiea argues for a separation of powers in government in which of his works?

Physiocrats

Robert clive , along with what group, were considered to be the founders of the study of economics?

Laisse-Faire

the first principle of the physiocrates

Rousseau

tried to balance individual liberty with the authority of a government in his work, the social contract

Pragmatic Sanction

altered the law of primogenitor

Aix-la-chapell

treaty ending the war of austrian succession

Battle of Plassey

At what battle did Robert Clive avenge the Black Hole of Calcutta?

Patronage

in england the parliament grew more powerful, but the king won support from the aristocrats by awarding them titles, posts, and positions

William pitt the elder

prime minister who expanded the British Empire by acquiring Canada and India from the French in the 7 year war

french finance minister

Turgot

two hundred thousand

how many nobles and dependents tried to leave france within 3 months of the fall of the Bastille

clergy

of whom did the 1st estate consist

Aristocrates or nobles

the clergy were divided among themselves. from which class did the higher clergy come?

middle class

what douse Bourgeoisie mean?

Apres moi le déluge

on his death bed, Louis XV predicted catastrophe for france saying what?

Girondins

moderate revolutionaries

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