The Age of Exploration and Isolation Chapter 19

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Bartolomeu Dias

Portugese explorer who wanted to spread christianity and coined the phrase "God, Gold, Glory." First to sail around Southern Tip of Africa

God, Gold, Glory

Dias's reason for exploration.

Vasco de Gama

First to sail around the southern tip of Africa, found many spices and silks

Christopher Columbus

Itallain explorer who explored for Spain, first though America was India when he found it.

Treaty of Tordesillas

Agreement created by pope Alexander the VI spilitting world in 2 between Spain and Portugal in 1494.

Hongwu

he ended the rule of the Mongols by leading a rebellion... created the Ming Dynasty... improved the amount of food and improved irrigation. He raised sugar cane and cotton...but became very paranoid as he aged.

East India Companies

British, French, and Dutch trading companies that obtained government monopolies of trade to India and Asia; acted independently in their regions.

Ming Dynasty

Started by Hongwu was a very powerful Chinese empire that lasted over 200 years

Yonglo

The son of Hongwu and moved the Ming capital to Beijing. He built the imperial city, which became the Forbidden City.

Zheng he

explorer sent by Yonglo, he gave gifts to every place he went

Manchu's

Conquered China and created the Qing Dynasty

Qing Dynasty

Created by the Manchu's, they kept Chinese traditions.

Kangxi

brought China to its largest size, increased wealth and supported the arts

Qian Long

Kangxi's grandson brought china to its largest size...Europeans were annoyed with their trade policies...invasions from Manchuria...and china was worried because Korea seemed to be getting a sense of nation pride

Sengoku

Time of Civil war in Japan

Daimyo

Like Lords in China

Oda Nobunga

Diamyo who wanted complete control of China, but committed to seppuku when one General Turned on him.

Alternate Attendance Policy

Policy of the shogunate during most of the Edo period of Japanese history. The purpose was to control the daimyo.

Kabuki

Type of Japanese Drama

Toyotomi Hideyoshi

Nobunaga's best general who continued his goal and managed to control most of china...he late invaded Korea but this effort ended after he died

Haiku

Type of Japanese Poem

Matsuo Basho

great Haiku writer

Francis Xavier

was the first Christian missionary to arrive in Japan

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