a story or tale with two or more levels of meaning--a literal level and one or more symbolic levels. The events, setting, and characters in an allegory are symbols for ideas or qualities.
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or accented syllables.
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work or work of art. Writers often make these to stories from the Bible, political or historical events, or Shakespeare.
the repetition of vowel sounds in conjunction with dissimilar consonant sounds-- Emily Dickinson uses this in this line "The mountain at a g I ven d I stance." The -i- sound is repeated in given and distance and the dissimilar consonant sounds are g_v and d_s
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
a two line stanza that rhyme
a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem
body of stories, legends, myths, ballads, songs, riddles, sayings, and other works arising out of the oral traditions of peoples around the globe
use of primitive, medieval, wild or mysterious elements in literature. mysterious and gloomy castles where horrifying supernatural events take place. Poe's "The Fall of the House of Usher"
deliberate exaggeration or overstatement
a line of poetry with five iambic feet, each containing one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
the descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader
the reversal of the normal order of words
contrast between what is stated and what is meant or between what is expected to happen and what actually happens
a word or phrase is used to suggest the opposite of its usual meaning
there is contradiction between what a character think and what the reader or audience knows
an event occurs that contradicts the expectations of the characters of the reader and or of the audience
a figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else
a poem's rhythmical pattern
a statement that seems to be contradictory but that actually presents a truth
repetition of sounds at the ends of words
when rhyming words fall within a line
when rhyming words are repeated at the end of lines
a literary and artistic movement of the 19th century that arose in reaction against 18th century Neoclassicism...placed a premium on imagination, emotion, nature, individuality, and exotica
writing that ridicules or criticizes individuals ideas, institutions, social conventions or other works of art or literature
a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two subjects, using either like or as.
a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people
anything that stands for or represents something else