Chapter 4 Spain Builds an Empire

18 terms by ybishara1

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Amerigo Vespucci

Italian explorer
sailed to South America
first to call Americas a new world

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

crossed the Isthmus of Panama
reached the Pacific Ocean
explorer for Spain

expedition

journey made for a special purpose

colony

settlement far from a country that rules it

Columbian Exchange

movement of people, animals, plants, diseases, and ways of life between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
happened after Columbus' voyages

Hernando Cortes

Spanish conquistador, or conqueror of the Aztec empire of Mexico.
wanted to gain Mexico's wealth.
Spanish soldier who had allies or friends who helped him defeat the Aztecs
built Mexico city on the ruins of Tenochtitlan

conquistador

Spanish conqueror who came to the Americas in the 1500s
group of Spanish soldiers who were later called conquistadors

ally

friend who helps in a fight

conquest

capture of taking of something by force

convert

change from one belief to another
to change native peoples from their own religion to Christianity

colonist

person who lives in a colony

Juan Ponce de Leon

Spanish explorer who reached Florida peninsula

society

group of people forming a community

plantation

large farm with many workers who live on the land they work

encomienda

grant given by the king of Spain to wealthy settlers in New Spain
gave settlers control of all the Native Americans iving on an area of land

missionary

person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs

mission

religious setlement where missionaries live and work

Ferdinand Magellan

led first expedition around the world
killed during voyage
Spanish explorer

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