Cellular Respiration Vocabulary

23 terms by Adamskm

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cellular respiration

process by which all living cells convert glucose into ATP

mitochondria

location of cellular respiration

carbon cycle

to what cycle is cellular respiration associated?

anaerobic

does not require the use of oxygen

glucose

anaerobic respiration breaks down _______ into carbon compounds that can be used for Part 2 of cellular respiration

2

# of ATP organism gains in anaerobic

cytoplasm

where does anaerobic cellular respiration occur in the cell?

glycolysis

1 molecule of glucose broken into 2 molecules of pyruvic acid without oxygen to make 2 ATP + 2 NADH

alcoholic fermentation

carried out by plants, yeast, and some microorganisms
the breakdown of pyruvic acid without oxygen to make 2 ATP + alcohol

lactic acid fermentation

animals (muscle cells)
the breakdown of pyruvic acid without oxygen to make 2 ATP + lactic acid

aerobic

requires the use of oxygen

34

# of ATP organisms gain in aerobic

mitochondria

where does aerobic respiration occur in the cell?

Krebs, ETC

two parts of aerobic respiration

Krebs cycle

uses pyruvic acid made in glycolysis to create hydrogen ions used later in ETC

matrix

where does Krebs cycle occur in mitochondria?

2

# of ATP created in Krebs cycle

ETC

takes hydrogen ions from Krebs cycle to make ATP

cristae

location of ETC

32

# of ATP produced in ETC

2

# of ATP from aerobic respiration

34

# of ATP from anaerobic respiration

36

# of ATP for cellular respiration as a whole

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