Ethnic term applied in the Caribbean region to the nativeborn descendants of the spanish conquerors and their local consorts.
In a linguistic context, the process describing the convergence of two or more languages, forming a separate, new language.
A made-up Latin-based language, which is European proponents in the early twentieth century hoped would become a global language.
A term deriving from "Frankish language" and applying to a tongue spoken in ancient Mediterranean ports that consisted of a mixture of Italian, French, Greek, Spanish, and even some Arabic.
Countries in which only one language is spoken.
Countries in which more than one language is in use.
In multilingual countries the language selected, often by the educated and politically powerful elite, to promote internal cohesion.
A lingual franc that has been simplified and modified through contact with other languages.
The study of the origins and meaning of place-names.
Cultural modification resulting from intercultral borrowing.
A culturally shared trait that gives an ethnic or cultural group a strengthened sense of awareness and self-identity.
The process of continuous reinvigoration of cultural traits and behavior in communities geographically separated from their original source area.
Small, usually rural and ethnically homogeneous enclaves situated whithin a large and more diverse cultural context.
A society composed of numerous ethnic groups.
Frequentlly referred to as a system or attitude toward visible differences in individuals.
Deaths of wives due to abusive husbands and in-laws.
To endow with the rights of citizenship.
Social differences between men and women, rather than the anatomical, biological differences between the sexes.
The difference in the average length of life between males and females.
Maternal Mortality Rate
How many hundred thousands of women die during or right after giving birth per year.