Music Theory Chapter 2

28 terms by mvl5111 

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alla breve

cut time

anacrusis

the upbeat or pick up to a measure

bar line

lines that separate measures

beat

primary pulse

common time

four four

coumpound meter

beats that divide into threes

cut time

two two

dot

adds to a note half its own value

downbeat

the motion of the hand down on beat 1 of the pattern

measure

beats are grouped into larger units called

meter

how beats are divided

duple meter

groups into units of 2

quadruple meter

groups into units of 4

triple meter

groups into units of 3

meter signature

AKA time signature establishes the meter and beat unit

rest

represents durations of silence

rhythm

refers to the duration of pitch and silence (notes and rests) used in a piece

simple meter

beats that divided in two

slur

arcs that connect two or more different pitches affect articulation with blowing and tonguing

syncopation

rhythmic displacements of expected metrical accents created by dots, ties, rests, dynamic markings or accent marks

tempo

speed of the pulse

tie

add the duration of note values together

upbeat

the upward lift of the hand for the final beat of each measure

beat division

secondary pulse

double dot

add to a note half its rhythmic value plus a quarter of its value

slower tempos

grave, largo, larghetto, and adagio

medium tempos

andantino, adante, moderato, and allegretto

faster tempos

allegro, vivace, presto, prestissimo

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